Nepal’s Transition from Monarchy to Republic

The current “Constitution of Nepal 2072” is fifth such constitution and denotes Bikrami year 2072. The first constitution of Nepal was Government of Nepal Act, 1948. This constitution vested all the powers into the hereditary Prime Ministers of the Rana clan. After the Revolution of 1951, an “Interim Government of Nepal Act, 1951” restored the […]


Madheshi Crisis in Nepal

The constitution was passed by a clear majority with 507 of the 598 constituent assembly members voting in favour. However, around 60 members from the Madhesis and Janjatis community boycotted the vote. The Tharu and Madhesi groups had demanded that provinces should be demarcated keeping in view the ethnic populations. Further, the 2008 Eight Point […]

Salient Features of Nepal Constitution 2072

The deadline for framing the constitution was extended several times since 2008. During this period, politics of Nepal has been subject to all sorts of factional and political struggles. The Constituent assembly could not draft the constitution in its original and extended total tenure of 4 years. Due to this, the assembly was dissolved in […]

Key Reasons Behind Maoist Victory in Nepal

In the 2007 elections, Maoists emerged as victorious. The Maoist leader “Prachanda” won by almost 50% margin from his nearest rival. After victory, the Maoists were so adamant that they did not like to share the posts of PM and president. The key factor that was responsible for thunderous victory of Maoists was that they […]

Abolition of Monarchy in Nepal

After the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, the Interim Constitution was promulgated in January 2007. The constitution provided for a Constituent Assembly with dual functions viz. as a constitution making body as well as legislative body / parliament.  It was initially decided that the Interim Parliament will have 330 member and it will get dissolved with the […]