Indian Polity & Constitution MCQs
Indian Polity & Constitution Objective / Multiple Choice (MCQs) Questions for Preparation of SSC-CGL, UPSC Civil Services, NDA, CDS, Railways and State Level Public Services Examinations. These questions are part of GKToday’s 35000+ MCQs Bank Course in GKToday Android App
1. Who among the following was the Constitutional Advisor to the Constituent Assembly ?
[A] Sachidanand Sinha
[B] B N Rao
[C] H N Kunzuru
[D] V N Menon
Correct Answer: B [B N Rao]
Sir Benegal Narsing Rau (1887-1953) or Sir B. N. Rau served as the Constitutional Adviser to the Constituent Assembly. His task was to advise the assembly on general structure of democratic framework of India’s Constitution.
2. The “Bill of Rights” and “Judicial Review” are features of which of the following countries constitution?
Correct Answer: A [USA]
The “Bill of rights” and “Judicial Review” are features of constitution of United States.
3. Which of the following parts of Indian constitution has only one article?
[A] Part XVII
[B] Part XVIII
[C] Part XIX
[D] Part XX
Correct Answer: D [Part XX]
Part XX article 368, amendment of the constitution
4. Who among the following has been given the power by the Constitution of India to “Impose Reasonable Restrictions” on the fundamental rights?
[C] Supreme Court
[D] Both Parliament & Supreme Court
Correct Answer: B [Parliament]
Fundamental Rights listed in Part III of the Constitution are not absolute and can be restricted on reasonable grounds by legislation enacted by Parliament.
5. Which among the following act was known as the Anarchical and Revolutionary Crime act 1919?
[A] Indian Arms Act
[B] Pitts India Act
[C] Ilbert Bill
[D] Rowlatt Act
Correct Answer: D [Rowlatt Act]
Please note that this act triggered the Rowlatt Satyagraha. Gandhi ji called it a Black act and it took away the Habeas Corpus which forms the basis of Civil Liberties in England.
6. Which of the following parts/ provisions of the Indian Constitution cannot be amended?
[A] Preamble to the Constitution
[B] Directive Principles of State Policy
[C] Fundamental Rights
[D] Judicial Review
Correct Answer: D [Judicial Review]
Judicial Review forms the part of the basic structure of the Constitution which cannot be altered by the amendment procedure.
7. The Election Commission of India is not concerned with the elections of /to the :
[B] Vice President
[C] Panchayats and Municipalities in the State
[D] All of the above
Correct Answer: C [Panchayats and Municipalities in the State]
The Election Commission has the power of superintendence, direction and control of elections to the Parliament, State legislatures, President and Vice President.
8. Which act created a new office of the High Commissioner for India in London and transferred to him some of the functions performed by the Secretary of State of India?
[A] Indian Councils Act, 1909
[B] Government of India Act, 1919
[C] Government of India Act, 1935
[D] Indian Independence Act, 1947
Correct Answer: B [ Government of India Act, 1919 ]
The Government of India Act of 1919 provided for the creation of a new office of the High Commissioner for India in London and transferred to him some of the functions hitherto performed by the Secretary of the State of India.
9. Who said that “Constitution Assembly was Congress and Congress was India”?
[A] Lord Mountbatten
[B] Lord Willingdon
[C] Clement Atlee
[D] Granville Austin
Correct Answer: D [Granville Austin]
The statement “Constitution Assembly was Congress and Congress was India” was made by Granville Austin. He was a famous historian. He described Indian Constitution as first and foremost a social document.
10. A bill for the creation of new State in India is required to be passed in Parliament by?
[A] Simple majority
[B] Two-third majority
[C] Two-third majority plus ratification by half of all states
[D] None of the above
Correct Answer: A [ Simple majority ]
The Parliament may by law with a simple majority form a new State and no special procedure as in case of an amendment to the Constitution is required. According to the Article 4 (2) such a law shall not be deemed to be an Amendment to the Constitution of India.