Environment, Ecology & Biodiversity MCQs

Environment, Ecology & Biodiversity Multiple choice questions for GK paper in SSC, NDA, CDS, UPSC, UPPSC and State PSC Examinations.

1. Which of the following is an ex situ mode of wildlife conservation?

[A] Sacred Groves
[B] Home Gardens
[C] National Parks
[D] Biosphere Reserves

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2. Which of the following is not a primary greenhouse gas found in earth’s atmosphere?

[A] Carbon dioxide
[B] Methane
[C] Water vapour
[D] Nitrogen oxides (NOx)

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3. The Katarniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary (KWS) is located in which state?

[A] Maharashtra
[B] Uttar Pradesh
[C] Chhattisgarh
[D] Kerala

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4. The Chhilchhila Wildlife Sanctuary (CWS) is located in which state?

[A] Sikkim
[B] Mizoram
[C] Haryana
[D] Nagaland

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5. Which among the following country is considered to have the world’s first sustainable biofuels economy?

[A] Mexico
[B] Indonesia
[C] Brazil
[D] China

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6. Many a times we read in the newspapers about Clean Development Mechanism. Which among the following is not a correct sentence regarding CDM?

[A] It allows industrialized countries with a greenhouse gas reduction commitment to invest in projects that reduce emissions in developing countries as an alternative to more expensive emission reductions in their own countries
[B] The CDM allows net global greenhouse gas emissions to be reduced at a much lower global cost by financing emissions reduction projects in developing countries where costs are lower than in industrialized countries
[C] It is an arrangement under Geneva Protocol
[D] It is an arrangement under Kyoto Protocol

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7. Consider the following statements regarding ‘Kyoto Protocol’:

  1. It is legally binding for Annex I countries.
  2. It emerged from the deliberations of COP-3 to the UNFCCC.
  3. The signatories have to reduce their individual Green House Gas emissions by 5.2% from 1990 level.

Which among the above Statement(s) is/are correct?

[A] Only 2
[B] 1 and 2
[C] 2 and 3
[D] 1, 2 and 3

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8. Burning of coal results in the release of which of the following in environment?

  1. Oxides of Carbon
  2. Oxides of Sulphur
  3. Mercury
  4. Radioactive material

Select the correct option from the codes given below:

[A] Only 1
[B] Only 1 & 2
[C] Only 1, 2 & 3
[D] 1, 2, 3 & 4

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9. All the current Bt cotton hybrids available in India belong to which among the following species?

[A] Gossypium herbaceum
[B] Gossypium barbadense
[C] Gossypium hirsutum
[D] Gossypium arboreum

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10. Consider the following:

  1. Carbon dioxide (CO2)
  2. Methane
  3. Hydrogen sulphide (H2S)
  4. Water (H2O)

Which of the above is/are principal component(s) of biogas?

[A] 1 Only
[B] 1 & 2 Only
[C] 1, 2 & 3 Only
[D] 1, 2, 3 & 4

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