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Environment & Biodiversity MCQs

1. Which among the following is the World’s largest Wetland System? 
[A] Camargue (France)
[B] Okavango (Botswana)
[C] Everglades (USA)
[D] Pantanal (South America)

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2. Which of the following Environmentalists first gave the concept of Biodiversity ‘hotspots’ ?
[A] Gaylord Nelson
[B] Norman Myers
[C] John Muir
[D] Julia “Butterfly” Hill

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3. All species of ‘Lemur’ are endemic to which among the following places of the world? 
[A] Seychelles Islands
[B] Galapagos Islands
[C] New Caledonia
[D] Madagascar

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4. Which among the following terms of utmost significance in the dynamics of resource management was coined in the ‘Brundtland Commission Report’? 
[A] Polluter-Pays Principle
[B] Sustainable development
[C] Inclusive Growth
[D] Carrying Capacity

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5. With which of the following, the Agenda 21’ of Rio Summit, 1992 is related to? 
[A] Sustainable development
[B] Combating the consequences of population explosion.
[C] Mitigation norms of Green House Gases (GHGs) emission.
[D] Technology transfer mechanism to developing countries for ‘clean-energy’ production.

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6. Which among the following multilateral convention seeks to protect the human health and environment from Persistant Organic Pollutants (POPs)? 
[A] Bonn Convention
[B] Stockholm Convention
[C] Rotterdam Convention
[D] Basel Convention

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7. The ‘Montreaux Record’ is a register of: 
[A] Invasive Alien Species and their ecological hazards outside their native environment.
[B] Wetland sites under the threat of anthropogenic activities.
[C] Endangered species of tropical and sub-tropical fauna
[D] Coastal cities under direct threat of consequences of global warming.

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8. Which among the following chronic lung disease commonly known as ‘black lung’ disease,leads to reduced life expectancy in coal-miners?
[A] Pneumoconiosis
[B] Progressive Massive Fibrosis
[C] Mesothelioma
[D] Collier’s Asthma

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9. Which among the following awards  institued by the Government of India for individuals or communities from rural areas that have shown extraordinary courage and dedication in protecting Wildlife?
[A] Indira Gandhi Paryavaran Puraskar
[B] Medini Puruskar Yojana
[C] Amrita Devi Bishnoi Award
[D] Pitambar Pant National Award

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10. Which among the following is key faunal species that is being conserved and monitored in ‘Dachigam National Park’ ?
[A] Musk Deer
[B] Golden Oriole
[C] Yellow-throated Marten
[D] Hangul or Kashmir Stag

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