Environment, Ecology & Biodiversity MCQs

Environment, Ecology & Biodiversity Multiple choice questions for GK paper in SSC, NDA, CDS, UPSC, UPPSC and State PSC Examinations.

31. Consider the following differences between Grazing food chain and Detritus food chain:

  1. While grazing food chain begins with green grasses at first tropic level, detritus food chain begins with dead decay of organic matter
  2. While grazing food chain adds energy to the ecosystem, detritus food chain consumes energy from ecosystem

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] 1 Only
[B] 2 Only
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 nor 2

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32.    Consider the following statements:

  1. Energy flow in an ecosystem is unidirectional
  2. A food chain always begins with photosynthetic autotrophs

   Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] 1 Only
[B] 2 Only
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 nor 2

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33.   Identify the fauna with the help of given information:

  1. The fauna is the state animal of Sikkim
  2. It is an arboreal animal and more than fifty percent of its population is known to be concentrated in Eastern Himalayas
  3. It is poached for its distinctive pelts and has been listed as endangered in the IUCN list

  Select the correct answer from options given below:

[A] Giant panda
[B] Red panda
[C] Clouded leopard
[D] Cougar

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34. Consider the following statements about Common but Differentiated Responsibilities and Respective Capabilities (CBDR–RC):

  1. It is a principle within the framework of United Nation Environment Programme
  2. It has been adopted as a part of Rio Declaration on Environment and Development

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] 1 Only
[B] 2 Only
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 nor 2

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35. Which of the following have been held responsible for fast decline in sparrow population?

  1. Widespread use of pesticides
  2. Increase in population of cats
  3. Rampant use of cell phones

Select the correct option from codes given below:

[A] 1 & 2 Only
[B] 2 & 3 Only
[C] 1 & 3 Only
[D] 1, 2 & 3

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36. Which of the following is/are example/examples for lentic ecosystem?

  1. Ponds
  2. Wetlands
  3. Springs   

Select the correct option from codes given below:

[A] 1 & 2 Only
[B] 3 Only
[C] 2 & 3 Only
[D] 1, 2 & 3

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37.  Consider the following:

  1. Frog
  2. Octopus
  3. Turtles 
  4. Salamanders

Which of the above are amphibians?

[A] 1 & 4 Only
[B] 2 & 3 Only
[C] 1 & 3 Only
[D] 3 & 4 Only

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38.   Consider the following statements about the Kigali Amendment:

  1. It has been adopted to amend the Montreal Protocol
  2. The amendment aims to eliminate planet-warming gases in Hydroflorocarbon family
  3. The Kigali Amendment will be binding on countries from 2019

  Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] 1 & 2 Only
[B] 3 Only
[C] 2 & 3 Only
[D] 1, 2 & 3

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39.  Consider the following statements about the REDD Mechanism:

  1. It aims at gross reductions in GHG emissions from deforestation
  2. It is a mechanism under the UNFCCC

 Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] 1 Only
[B] 2 Only
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 nor 2

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40.   Consider the following statements about the Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats (IDWH) Scheme:

  1. The scheme provides technical and financial assistance to states for protection of wildlife habitat
  2. The main aim of the scheme is to is to recover critically endangered species and habitats outside protected areas

  Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] 1 Only
[B] 2 Only
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Show Answer

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