Environment, Ecology & Biodiversity MCQs

Environment, Ecology & Biodiversity Multiple choice questions for GK paper in SSC, NDA, CDS, UPSC, UPPSC and State PSC Examinations.

21. The National Chambal (Gharial) Wildlife Sanctuary, which is one of the large eco-reserves of the country is co administered by which among the following states?

[A] Rajasthan & Uttar Pradesh
[B] Rajasthan & Madhya Pradesh
[C] Madhya Pradesh & Uttar Pradesh
[D] Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh & Uttar Pradesh

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22. Which among the following planet / body shows anti-green house effect?

[A] Mars
[B] Venus
[C] Jupiter
[D] Titan

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23. Consider the following:

  1. To combat deforestation and soil erosion
  2. To provide better food security to the world
  3. To conserve the Bio-diversity

The use of Bio-fuels would help in which among the above issues?

[A] Only 1
[B] 1 & 2
[C] 1, 2 & 3
[D] None of them

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24. The use of microorganism metabolism to remove pollutants such as oil spills in the water bodies is known as :

[A] Biomagnification
[B] Bioremediation
[C] Biomethanation
[D] Bioreduction

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25. Which of the following two criteria have to be met in order to qualify as a ‘biodiversity hotspot’ on the world hotspots map?

  1. The region must contain at least 0.5 percent or 1500 species of vascular plants as endemic species.
  2. The region has to have lost at least 70 percent of its primary vegetation.

Choose the correct option:

[A] Only 1
[B] Only 2
[C] Both 1 and 2
[D] Neither 1 nor 2

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26. Which of the following three sites are both mangrove forests as well as located on Eastern Coast of India?

  1. Bhitarkanika
  2. Pichavaram
  3. Coondapur

Select the correct option from the codes given below:

[A] Only 1
[B] 1 and 2
[C] 1 and 3
[D] 1, 2 and 3

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27. Which among the following indicate sustainable resource utilization?

  1. Disposal of solid municipal waste in an open landfill at a rural location
  2. Commercial fishing only in open oceans beyond the continental shelf
  3. Paving roads and highways with recycled automobile tire and glass waste

Select the correct option from the codes given below:

[A] Only 1 & 2
[B] Only 2 & 3
[C] Only 3
[D] Only 1 & 3

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28. Which of the following information can be obtained from the People’s Biodiversity Register (PBR)?

  1. Names of species and their distribution in a given area
  2. People's traditional knowledge about Biodiversity
  3. Current utilization patterns of biodiversity in a local area

Select the correct option from the codes given below: 

[A] Only 1 & 2
[B] Only 2 & 3
[C] Only 1 & 3
[D] 1, 2 & 3

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29. Consider the following statements with respect to Forest Rights Act 2006:

  1. The act provides for diversion of forest land for public utility facilities with the recommendation of Gram Sabhas.
  2. The act provides mechanism for marketing of Minor Forest Produce (MFP) through Minimum Support Price (MSP).

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] Only 1
[B] Only 2
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 nor 2

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30. Which of the following Green House Gases are released in atmosphere by farming practices?

  1. Carbon Dioxide
  2. Methane
  3. Nitrous Oxide

Select the correct option from the codes given below:  

[A] Only 1 & 2
[B] Only 2 & 3
[C] Only 1 & 3
[D] 1, 2 & 3

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