Science & Technology Current Affairs MCQs
1. Which company recently announced to launch ‘AMBER alerts’ to find missing children?
Correct Answer: C [Meta]
Meta recently announced that AMBER alerts will be launched in Instagram in 25 countries. With the new feature, users in these regions will get notifications of missing children in the area.
The feature was already present on Facebook and it has helped find hundreds of children since its launch in 2015. AMBER alerts for Instagram was developed in partnership with various organisations like US- National Center for Missing & Exploited Children (NCMEC) and the International Centre for Missing & Exploited Children.
2. India’s first liquid-mirror telescope has been commissioned in which state/UT?
[B] Jammu and Kashmir
[D] Himachal Pradesh
Correct Answer: C [Uttarakhand]
India’s first liquid-mirror telescope, the International Liquid Mirror Telescope (ILMT) has been set up on the campus of the Devasthal Observatory of the Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES) in Nainital, Uttarakhand.
The telescope will observe asteroids, supernovae, space debris and all other celestial objects from an altitude of 2,450 metres in the Himalayas. It is the first liquid-telescope globally to be designed exclusively for astronomical purposes.
3. The ‘Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment ’ is functional in which country?
Correct Answer: A [China]
The Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment is functional in Guangdong, China. It is situated at Daya Bay, approximately 52 kilometers northeast of Hong Kong.
The multinational collaboration includes researchers from China, Chile, the United States, Taiwan, Russia, and the Czech Republic. The detectors pick up light signals generated by antineutrinos streaming from nearby nuclear power plants.
4. Which company received the first Type Certificate (TC) under Drone Rules, 2021 from Ministry of Civil Aviation
[A] Garud Aerospace
[C] IoTechWorld Avigation
[D] Aotom Technology
Correct Answer: C [IoTechWorld Avigation]
Union Minister of Civil Aviation awarded the first Type Certificate (TC) under Drone Rules, 2021 to IoTechWorld Avigation.
The Gurugram based company received the TC within 34 days after submission of its online application on the ‘DigitalSky Platform’ of DGCA. There are 14 drone prototypes that are undergoing the certification tests. The Drone Rules, 2021 were notified in 2021 and the ‘Certification Scheme for Unmanned Aircraft Systems (CSUAS)’
5. ‘Gaia Mission’, which was found in the news recently, is associated with which space agency?
Correct Answer: C [ESA]
European Space Agency’s Gaia mission has released a set of new data, which has revealed the phenomena of ‘starquakes’.
Starquakes are massive movements on the surface of stars similar to earthquake. The star-mapping Gaia probe has covered almost 1.8 billion stars in the Milky Way galaxy. The data has also revealed the largest chemical map of the entire Milky Way, showing the DNA of millions of stars.
6. The Army Training Command (ARTRAC) has partnered with which institution to establish a 5G Test-bed?
[A] IIT Madras
[B] IIT Bombay
[C] IISc Bengaluru
Correct Answer: A [IIT Madras]
The Army Training Command (ARTRAC) has announced partnership with Indian Institute of Technology (IIT)-Madras to establish a 5G Test-bed at the Military College of Telecommunication at Indore.
It will be used for the army’s operational use of 5G technology, especially along the borders. Under the MoU, IIT-Madras would provide consultancy, supported by research for feasibility studies and prototype development on 5G-enabled future communications.
7. What is ‘ARYABHAT-1’ which was seen in the news recently?
[A] Ballistic Missile
[B] Earth Observation Satellite
[C] Prototype of Analog chipset
[D] Super Computer
Correct Answer: C [Prototype of Analog chipset]
Researchers at the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) have developed a design framework to build next-generation analog computing chipsets.
The prototype is named ARYABHAT-1 (Analog Reconfigurable Technology And Bias-scalable Hardware for AI Tasks). Its chipset can be reconfigured and programmed so that the same analog modules can be ported across different generations of design and across different applications.
8. ‘News Initiative India Training Network’ is an initiative of which company?
Correct Answer: B [Google]
Google has expanded its Google News Initiative India Training Network to cover five new Indian languages. This Google initiative helps teach journalists and newsrooms learn digital skills needed to tackle misinformation online. It will now be available in Punjabi, Assamese, Odia, Gujarati, and Malayalam.
The Google News Initiative India Training Network was launched four years ago in partnership with DataLeads. Google is set to launch a Fact-Check Academy in partnership with DataLeads.
9. Which country has signed pact for supplying technology for Kudankulam nuclear power plant?
Correct Answer: B [Russia]
A unit of Russian nuclear major Rosatom State Corporation has signed an agreement to supply thermocouples for four power units of the Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant (KNPP) in Tamil Nadu.
LUCH Scientific Production Association, part of the R&D unit of Rosatom will provide the new sensors designed for thermal control of NPP process equipment.
10. What is the full-form of ‘SMRs’, recently suggested by NITI Aayog member for meeting India’s energy needs?
[A] Systemic modular reactors
[B] Simple modular reactors
[C] Small modular reactors
[D] Small mutual reactors
Correct Answer: C [Small modular reactors]
NITI Aayog member and scientist V. K. Saraswat suggested that the government should focus on setting up small modular reactors.
Small modular reactors (SMRs) are advanced nuclear reactors that have power capacity of up to 300 MW per unit. This would help meet India’s energy needs and in replacing the aging thermal power plants.
The above questions are part of Daily Current Affairs 20 MCQs Series in GKToday's Academy Android Application. This series can be subscribed in the app only for Rs. 750/- for entire year. Download Now