Science & Technology Current Affairs MCQs
21. Which major tech company announced to change its policy to comply with the Competition Commission of India (CCI)’s directives?
Correct Answer: C [Google]
Tech major Google announced that it would change its Android and Play policies in India in order to comply with the Competition Commission of India (CCI)’s directives.
The Supreme Court last week said it would not block the actions the CCI wanted for antitrust reasons.
22. Which institution will be provided a grant of Rs 242 Crore to undertake research on Lab Grown Diamonds?
[A] IISc Bengaluru
[B] IIT Madras
[C] IIT Delhi
[D] IIT Kharagpur
Correct Answer: B [IIT Madras]
As per a recommendation made by the Department of Commerce, IIT Madras will be provided a grant of Rs 242 Crore over a period of five years to undertake research on Lab Grown Diamonds (LGD).
In the Union Budget 2023, Union Finance Minister said that Lab grown Diamonds (LGD) is a technology and innovation-driven emerging sector with high employment potential.
23. What is the name of the new classification of germs, like bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites, that are not easily killed by antibiotics?
Correct Answer: B [Super-bugs]
Superbugs are types of germs, like bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites that are not easily killed by antibiotics.
According to a recent report by the UN Environment Programme (UNEP), superbugs could be a major cause of death in the future. Overuse of antibiotics in animal farming and pollution from pharmaceutical companies can cause these germs to become resistant to antibiotics.
24. Indian Institute of Science (IISc) partnered with which company for R&D in electrostatic discharge protection?
Correct Answer: B [Samsung]
Samsung Semiconductor India Research (SSIR) and the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) have recently announced a partnership.
The partnership aims to promote research and development in an on-chip electrostatic discharge (ESD) protection.
25. Which tech major is set to shift to the ‘microLED display technology’?
Correct Answer: B [Apple]
MicroLEDs are self-illuminating diodes that have brighter and better colour reproduction than Organic Light Emitting Diode (OLED) display technology.
Apple is currently working on this display technology and plans to implement on future watch models starting in 2024 and expand to phones and desktops. This is considered as the next big transition in display technology.
26. APJ Abdul Kalam Satellite Launch Vehicle Mission-2023 was launched from which state?
[C] Tamil Nadu
Correct Answer: C [Tamil Nadu]
The APJ Abdul Kalam Satellite Launch Vehicle Mission-2023 was launched from Pattipolam village in Tamil Nadu by the Martin Foundation in association with Dr APJ Abdul Kalam International Foundation and Space Zone India.
More than 5,000 students from grades six to twelve across the country designed and developed 150 PICO satellites, which were launched. The selected students were taught about satellite technology.
27. ULTRASAT, is the first telescope mission of which country?
Correct Answer: B [Israel]
ULTRASAT, Israel’s first telescope mission, is set to be launched into a geostationary orbit in early 2026 through a partnership between NASA and the Israel Space Agency.
The ultra-violet observatory will focus on observing short-duration space events such as supernovae and the merging of neutron stars, utilizing its wide field of view to quickly capture ultraviolet light from such sources.
28. Which institution has recently tested the ‘CE-20 Cryogenic Engine’?
Correct Answer: B [ISRO]
The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has successfully completed the flight acceptance hot test for the CE-20 cryogenic engine.
The engine will power the LVM3 launch vehicle’s Cryogenic Upper Stage for the upcoming Chandrayaan-3 mission, which is slated to be launched in the later part of 2023. The test was carried out at the ISRO Propulsion Complex in Tamil Nadu.
29. Megha-Tropiques-1 (MT1) satellite was jointly developed by India and which country?
Correct Answer: D [France]
The Indian Space Agency ISRO is conducting a controlled re-entry of a decommissioned Indo-French satellite, Megha-Tropiques-1 (MT1), jointly developed to study tropical weather and climate.
The satellite was launched in 2011 and exceeded its intended operational lifespan until 2021. ISRO is using its remaining onboard fuel to precisely maneuver the satellite for a controlled atmospheric re-entry, predicted to splash down in the Pacific Ocean.
30. Hong Kong flu pandemic was caused due to which type of Influenza?
[A] Influenza A (H3N2) virus
[B] Influenza A (H1N1) virus
[C] Influenza B
[D] Influenza H5N1 virus
Correct Answer: A [Influenza A (H3N2) virus]
Influenza sub-type H3N2 is recently causing a surge in hospitalizations due to respiratory illness across India. H3N2 is responsible for at least 92 percent of all severe acute respiratory infections (SARI) and outpatient influenza-like illnesses.
This virus was responsible for causing the 1968 pandemic that resulted in deaths of over a million people. This flu pandemic is known as called Hong Kong flu pandemic of 1968.
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