Modern Indian History & Freedom Struggle Questions (MCQs)
Multiple choice questions on Modern Indian History & Freedom Struggle for General Studies and GK preparation of SSC, NDA, CDS, UPSC, UPPSC and State PSC Examinations.These questions are part of GKToday’s 35000+ MCQs Bank Course in GKToday Android App
1. Who among the following is known as ‘Mother of Indian Revolution’ ?
[A] Rani Laxmi Bai of Jhansi
[B] Bhikaji Rustam Kama
[C] Annie Besant
[D] Sarojini Naidu
Correct Answer: B [ Bhikaji Rustam Kama ]
Bhikaiji Rustom Cama,(1861-1936) was an outstanding lady of great courage, fearlessness, integrity, perseverance and passion for freedom, and is considered as the mother of Indian revolution because of her contributions to Indian freedom struggle. She was credited with designing India’s first tricolour flag with green, saffron and red stripes bearing the immortal words – Vande Matram.
2. At which of the following places, Green Pamphlet was issued by Mahatma Gandhi?
Correct Answer: C [Rajkot]
Green Pamphlet was issued by Mahatma Gandhi at Rajkot on July 9, 1896. He tried to expose the condition of Indian indentured laborers and the human rights violations in South Africa. It was considered as an anti-government publication by the British.
3. Curzon Wyllie, who was murdered by Madan Lal Dhingra in London, was___?
[A] Secretary of State for India
[B] Adviser to the Secretary of State of India
[C] Law Member
[D] Governor of Bengal
Correct Answer: B [Adviser to the Secretary of State of India]
Madan Lal Dhingra was a great revolutionary from Punjab,associated with the Indian Home Rule Society, The Abhinav Bharat Society and the Indian House in London. On July 1, 1909 he shot dead Curzon Wyllie an adviser to the secretary of state of India, and Cowas Lolcaca at the meeting of the Indian National Association in London to avenge the atrocities committed by the British in India.
4. Who among the following founded Theosophical Society in USA?
[A] Dr. Annie Besant
[B] A. O. Hume
[C] Tilak and Gokhale
[D] Madam Blavatsky and Olcott
Correct Answer: D [Madam Blavatsky and Olcott]
Madam HP Blavatsky ,a Russian woman & Col. H.S Olcott ,an American ,founded the Theosophical Society in Newyork in 1875 . They advocated the revival & strengthening of ancient religions of Hinduism.
5. Who among the following were the first to establish “Printing Press” in India?
Correct Answer: B [Portuguese]
The first printing press was established in Goa (Jesuit Saint Paul’s College) in 1556 by the Portuguese.
6. In which province, Muslim League formed their first government after 1946 elections?
[D] United province
Correct Answer: A [Bengal]
After the 1946 elections, the Congress party formed ministries in Assam, Bihar, Bombay, Central Provinces, Madras, NWFP, Odisha and United Provinces. The Muslim League formed ministries in Bengal and Sind.
7. Treaty of Yandabu was signed after which among the following?
[A] First Anglo-Burmese War
[B] Second Anglo-Burmese War
[C] Anglo-Bhutanese War
[D] Third Anglo Afghan war
Correct Answer: A [First Anglo-Burmese War]
The Treaty of Yandabo was signed by the British (General Sir Archibald Campbell) and the Burmese side on 24 February 1826. The first Anglo-Burmese War came to cessation through this treaty.
8. In which year a British Committee of INC was founded?
Correct Answer: C 
The British Committee of the Indian National Congress was established in Britain by the Indian National Congress in 1889. Its objective was to raise awareness of Indian issues to the public in Britain, to whom the Government of India was responsible. William Wedderburn served as the first chairman and William Digby as its secretary.
9. In which year first fleet of Dutch reached in India?
Correct Answer: D 
In 1595, first fleet of Dutch reached in India under the leadership of Cornelis De Hastman. The first Dutch factory was set up in Masulipatam (Present Andhra Pradesh). They never wanted to build empire in India. The Spice island of Indonesia and peeper were their main attraction.
10. Pipali in Bengal is best known for which of the following ?
[A] First Dutch Factory
[B] First Portuguese Factory
[C] First French Factory
[D] First British Factory
Correct Answer: A [First Dutch Factory]
The Dutch set up their first factory in Masulipatnam, Andhra Pradesh in 1605. In 1630, they set up a factory in Bengal (Pipali). It was abandoned later. They used to carry silk and textile from Bengal.