Modern Indian History & Freedom Struggle Questions (MCQs)

Multiple choice questions on Modern Indian History & Freedom Struggle for General Studies and GK preparation of SSC, NDA, CDS, UPSC, UPPSC and State PSC Examinations.

41. Which Act abolished the East India Company and transferred the powers of the government, territories and revenues to the British Crown?

[A] Charter Act of 1853
[B] Government of India Act, 1858
[C] Indian Councils Act of 1861
[D] Indian Councils Act of 1892

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42. What was the primary objective of the East India Company in India?

[A] Trading
[B] Building Empire
[C] Hegemony over Indian ocean
[D] None of the above

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43. King Charles II handed over the Bombay Island to the company in which year?

[A] 1661
[B] 1668
[C] 1701
[D] 1707

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44. Who were the last Europeans to come to India for trading?

[A] English
[B] Danes
[C] French
[D] Dutch

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45. Battle of Bidderra was fought between which of the following powers in the year 1759?

[A] English vs Dutch
[B] English vs French
[C] Danish vs Portueguese
[D] None of the above

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46. The treaty of Chanar was signed in which year?

[A] 1772
[B] 1775
[C] 1778
[D] 1781

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47. Which among the following wars took place during the reign of Warren Hastings?
1. First Anglo Maratha War
2. Second Anglo Maratha War
3. Third Anglo Maratha War
4. Second Anglo Mysore War
Choose the correct option from the codes given below :

[A] 1 only
[B] 1 & 4
[C] 2, 3 & 4
[D] 1, 2, 3 & 4

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48. Which among the following about the Subsidiary Alliance is/ are true?
1. The ruler who entered into this alliance will have to deploy British forces with maintenance fee
2. Alliance with any other powers was totally prohibited without British consent
3. All other Europeans except the British will have to be dismissed
4. The company will protect the ruler from external threat as well as internal disturbance
Choose the correct option from the codes given below :

[A] 1 only
[B] 1 & 4
[C] 1, 2 & 3
[D] 1, 2, 3 & 4

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49.  Who of the following said to Shahu “Let us strike at the trunk of the withering tree, and the branches will fall off themselves.”?

[A] Balaji Biswanath
[B] Bajirao I
[C] Balaji Bajirao II
[D] Shivaji

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50. Which of the following percentage of Chauth tax was fixed for the rulers in the Maratha empire?

[A] 25%
[B] 38%
[C] 66%
[D] 6%

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