Environment, Ecology & Biodiversity MCQs

Environment, Ecology & Biodiversity Multiple choice questions for GK paper in SSC, NDA, CDS, UPSC, UPPSC and State PSC Examinations.

41.   Identify the fauna with the help of given information:

  1. The fauna has been recently declared vermin in Himachal Pradesh
  2. It is listed as least concern in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
  3. The fauna is a regular swimmer
  4. The fauna is native to Asia
  5. The fauna is diurnal 

Select the correct answer from options given below

[A] Nilgai
[B] Wild boar
[C] Blue peafowl
[D] Rhesus Macaque

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42. Identify the fauna with the help of given information:

  1. The fauna is endemic to Rann of Kutch
  2. The fauna is locally known as khur
  3. The only other two sub species of this fauna is found in arid plateau of Tibet
  4. It has been recently listed as near threatened species by IUCN

   Select the correct answer from options given below:

[A] Indian Wild Ass
[B] Great Indian Bustard
[C] Four-horned antelope
[D] Slender-billed vulture

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43.    Consider the following pairs:

  1. Montreal protocol – limit the emission of hydro fluorocarbons (HFCs)
  2. Kyoto protocol – common but differentiated responsibilities
  3. Hyogo Framework for Action  – to ensure disaster risk reduction

   Which of the above is/are correct?

[A] 1 & 2 Only
[B] 2 Only
[C] 2 & 3 Only
[D] 1, 2 & 3

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44. The Bio-Bridge Initiative programme facilitates technical and scientific cooperation (TSC) among Parties by:

  1. creating the space for countries and institutions to share knowledge, and technical support
  2. establishing pool funding by developed countries to support developing countries

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] 1 Only
[B] 2 Only
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 nor 2

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45.   Consider the following:

  1. Marrakesh Accords
  2. Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)
  3. Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs)
  4. Common but differentiated responsibilities

 Which of the above are related to Kyoto protocol?

[A] 1, 2 & 3 Only
[B] 1, 2 & 4 Only
[C] 2, 3 & 4 Only
[D] 1, 2, 3 & 4

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46.     Consider the following statements about Sea buckthorn:

  1. It is a deciduous shrub used for soil erosion control
  2. Cultivation of sea buckthorn is a mega project under Green India Mission
  3. Sea buckthorn grows mostly in the Himalayan region

   Which of the above statements are correct?

[A] 1 & 2 Only
[B] 2 & 3 Only
[C] 1 & 3 Only
[D] 1, 2 & 3

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47.     Consider the following pairs:

  1. Mutualism – when the two interacting organisms benefit from each other
  2. Parasitism – when one organism benefits at the expense of another organism
  3. Commensalism – when one organism benefits from other without either benefiting or harming the latter

   Which of the above is/are correct?

[A] 1 & 2 Only
[B] 1 Only
[C] 2 Only
[D] 1, 2 & 3

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48.   Consider the following:

  1. Rhizobium
  2. Azotobacter
  3. Blue Green Algae

 Which of the above are used as bio fertilizers?

[A] 1 & 2 Only
[B] 2 & 3 Only
[C] 1 & 3 Only
[D] 1, 2 & 3

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49.    Consider the following pollutants:

  1. Sulphur dioxide
  2. Nitrogen dioxide
  3. Volatile organic compounds (VOCs)

 Which of the above is/are mainly responsible for acid rain?

[A] 1 & 2 Only
[B] 1 Only
[C] 3 Only
[D] 1, 2 & 3

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50.  Which of the following is responsible for “Chinese Restaurant Syndrome”?

[A] Monosodium glutamate
[B] Potassium bromate
[C] Aspartame
[D] Polysorbate 60

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