Environment, Ecology & Biodiversity MCQs

Environment, Ecology & Biodiversity Multiple choice questions for GK paper in SSC, NDA, CDS, UPSC, UPPSC and State PSC Examinations.

11. To fulfill the obligations under which among the following treaties, the government of India publishes the National Communication (NATCOM) periodically?

[A] U. S. -India Civil Nuclear Cooperation Initiative
[B] World Summit on the Information Society
[C] United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
[D] None of them

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12. Consider the following:

  1. Community Reserves
  2. Eco Sensitive Zones
  3. Biosphere Reserves

Which among the above are fixed in India as procedures fixed in various acts related to Wildlife / Environment protection?

[A] 1 & 2
[B] 1 & 3
[C] Only 1
[D] all of them

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13. Along with Jatropha, the seed oil of which among the following plants has been found to be useful in diesel generators being explored in hundreds of projects throughout India and other developing countries as feedstock for biodiesel?

[A] Arachis hypogea
[B] Pongamia pinnata
[C] Butea monosperma
[D] Pterocarpus santalinius

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14. Which among the following planet / body shows anti-green house effect?

[A] Mars
[B] Venus
[C] Jupiter
[D] Titan

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15. The First Chairperson of the National Green Tribunal (NGT) was ?

[A] JUSTICE A.S. Naidu
[B] Justice Lokeshwar Singh Panta
[C] Justice Markandey Katju
[D] Justice A K Ganguly

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16. The Siberian Crane, an endangered migratory bird is a regular visitor of which of the following national park/bird sanctuaries:

[A] Ranganathittu bird sanctuary
[B] Keoladeo national park
[C] Vedanthangal bird sanctuary
[D] Sultanpur bird sanctuary

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17. With reference to the Flexible Mechanisms of Kyoto Protocol, which of the following is / are correct statements? 

  1. Through Clean Development Mechanism(CDM),any Annex I country can invest in emission reduction projects in any other Annex I country as an alternative to reducing emissions domestically. 
  2. Through Joint Implementation(JI),countries can meet their domestic emission reduction targets by buying greenhouse gas reduction units from (projects in) non Annex I countries to the Kyoto protocol (mostly developing countries). 

Select the correct option from the codes given below: 

[A] Only 1
[B] Only 2
[C] Both 1 and 2
[D] Neither 1 nor 2

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18. Which of the following make rain bearing clouds appear dark?

  1. Rayleigh scattering
  2. Tyndall effect
  3. High density of clouds

Select the correct option from the codes given below:

[A] Only 1 & 2
[B] Only 2 & 3
[C] Only 3
[D] 1, 2 & 3

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19. Consider the following statements about green manure crop Sesbania rostrata, which has been developed by BARC (Bhabha Atomic Research Centre) using mutational breeding technology:  

  1. Sesbania rostrata naturally grows in desert regions
  2. It has high rate of nitrogen fixation.
  3. It reduces weed proliferation and weed growth.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] Only 1 & 2
[B] Only 2 & 3
[C] Only 1 & 3
[D] 1, 2 & 3

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20. Identify the fauna with the help of information given below:

  1. The fauna is endemic to wet evergreen forests in western ghats of India
  2. It is categorised as endangered species of India by IUCN
  3. It is omnivorous in nature, have black coat and have been largely affected by poachers as its meat has medicinal value

 Select the correct answer from options below:

[A] Lion Tailed Macaque
[B] Hoolock Gibbon
[C] Nilgiri langur
[D] Brown Palm Civet

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