Environment, Ecology & Biodiversity MCQs

Environment, Ecology & Biodiversity Multiple choice questions for GK paper in SSC, NDA, CDS, UPSC, UPPSC and State PSC Examinations.

11. On 23 December 2005, the Government of India enacted the Disaster Management Act, which envisaged the creation of the National Disaster Management Authority. Who among the following heads this authority?

[A] Home Minister of India
[B] Prime Minister of India
[C] Prime Minister of India
[D] President of India

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12. In which of the following the ecological pyramid of numbers is broad in center?

[A] Grasslands Ecosystem
[B] Pond Ecosystem
[C] Parasitic Food chain
[D] Forest Ecosystem

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13. Which of the following is India’s First National Marine Park ?

[A] Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park
[B] Marine National Park, Gulf of Kutch
[C] Rani Jhansi Marine National Park
[D] Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park

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14. Which among the following World Heritage site of India is owned by two states?

[A] Valley of Flowers National Park
[B] Mountain Railways of India
[C] Sundarbans National Park
[D] Kalka-Shimla Railway

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15. Out of the 81,000 animal species so far described from India, Invertebrates have a lion’s share with about 68,000 organisms and microorganisms. In this context, consider the following: 

  1. Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 
  2. Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980 
  3. Biological Diversity Act, 2002

Which among the above emphasize(s) upon conservation of the Invertebrates?

[A] 1 only
[B] 2 only
[C] 3 only
[D] 2 & 3 only

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16. Which among the following crops would enrich the Nitrogen content in the soil?

[A] Potato
[B] Sorghum
[C] Sunflower
[D] Pea

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17. Lion-tailed Macaque is found in which of the following regions?

[A] Eastern Himalayas
[B] North East India
[C] Eastern Ghats
[D] Western Ghats

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18. “Narayan Sarovar Sanctuary” in Kutch, Gujarat is most famous for which of the following?

[A] Zebra
[B] Chinkara
[C] Lions
[D] Tigers

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19. Which among the following correctly defines Global 200?

[A] An annual list of top ranking 200 companies released by Forbes Magazine
[B] List of 200 World Heritage Sites released by UNESCO
[C] List of 200 Cities which are of strategic importance
[D] List of 200 Ecoregions identified by the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) as priorities for conservation

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20. On which of the following planets of the solar system, the scientists have seen a “Great Red Spot” which is an anticyclonic storm persistent since last over 180 years?

[A] Mars
[B] Jupiter
[C] Saturn
[D] Mercury

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