Environment, Ecology & Biodiversity MCQs

Environment, Ecology & Biodiversity Multiple choice questions for GK paper in SSC, NDA, CDS, UPSC, UPPSC and State PSC Examinations.

11. Which among the following is closest to corals in terms of evolution of animals?

[A] Sea Cow
[B] Sea Horse
[C] Sea Lion
[D] Sea anemone

Show Answer

12. The Reptiles are considered to be more advanced than Amphibians with respect to the evolution of animals. Consider the following statements in this context:

  1. Amphibians breath via the Skin, Gills and lungs, Reptiles breath via Lungs only
  2. Amphibians have Three chambers in heart, Reptiles have four chambers
  3. Amphibians lay Soft eggs surrounded by gel, Reptiles lay hard eggs with shells

Which among the above statements is / are correct?

[A] Only 1 & 2
[B] Only 2 & 3
[C] Only 1 & 3
[D] 1, 2 & 3

Show Answer

13. In context of various environmental treaties, consider the following statements:

  1. Rotterdam convention promotes safe handling and open exchange of information on international trade of certain hazardous chemicals
  2. Basel Convention promotes the control of transboundary movements of hazardous wastes and their Disposal
  3. Stockholm convention aims at conscious of the need for global action on persistent organic pollutants

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] 3 Only
[B] 1 and 2 Only
[C] 1, 2 and 3 Only
[D] None

Show Answer

14. Consider the following fauna:

  1. Koala
  2. Yellow-bellied glider
  3. Greater Gliding Possum

Which of the above is/are native to India?

[A] 1 Only
[B] 2 & 3 Only
[C] 1, 2 & 3
[D] None

Show Answer

15. Which among the following statements correctly differentiate between an Ecozone and a Biome?

  1. An Ecozone comprises only land parts of Earth surface, while the Biomes comprise both aquatic and land parts
  2. Each Ecozone has some finite number of species , while each biome has infinite number of species
  3. Ecozone is a larger ecosystem, biome is a group of ecosystems

Which among the above statements is/ are correct?

[A] Only 1 is correct
[B] Only 1 & 2 are correct
[C] 1, 2 & 3 are correct
[D] Only 1 & 3 are correct

Show Answer

16. Which of the following are examples of Ex-Situ Conservation?

  1. Gene Banks
  2. Seed Banks
  3. National Parks

  Select the correct option from codes given below:

[A] 1 & 2 Only
[B] 2 Only
[C] 2 & 3 Only
[D] 1, 2 & 3

Show Answer

17. Identify the national park with the help of given information:

  1. It is often referred to as the "abode of perpetual winds" as well as the "land of spirits
  2. The park is famous for the barking deer and the golden cat
  3. A variety of very rare medicinal herbs locally called "dikges" grow abundantly in this park

Select the correct answer from options given below:

[A] Hemis National Park
[B] Bannerghatta National Park
[C] Balpakram National Park
[D] Gugamal National Park

Show Answer

18. Identify the fauna with the help of given information:

  1. This species was for long known to be endemic to Satpura ranges but recently has been recorded in northern Western Ghats
  2. It has been listed as critically endangered in the IUCN list
  3. The species is very small in size with very large talons and prefers mixed deciduous forests with dense undergrowth and mature softwood trees

  Select the correct answer from options given below:

[A] Brown palm civet
[B] Forest owlet
[C] Pygmy hog
[D] Great Indian hornbill

Show Answer

19. Consider the following pairs:

  1. Montreal protocol – limit the emission of hydro fluorocarbons (HFCs)
  2. Kyoto protocol – common but differentiated responsibilities
  3. Hyogo Framework for Action  – to ensure disaster risk reduction

Which of the above is/are correct?

[A] 1 & 2 Only
[B] 2 Only
[C] 2 & 3 Only
[D] 1, 2 & 3

Show Answer

20. Consider the following statements about Shifting Cultivation in India:

  1. This form of agriculture is more prevalent in north-east India
  2. It is characterized with very low output-input ratio
  3. It is also known as jhum cultivation in some parts of the country

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] 1 & 2 Only
[B] 2 Only
[C] 2 & 3 Only
[D] 1, 2 & 3

Show Answer

Advertisement