In a significant scientific breakthrough, researchers from Mizoram University and the Max Planck Institute for Biology in Tubingen, Germany, have identified and named a new species of flying gecko found in Mizoram.
- The recently discovered flying gecko species in Mizoram has been officially named Gekko mizoramensis.
- The research leading to this discovery was carried out through a collaborative effort between Mizoram University and the Max Planck Institute for Biology in Tubingen, Germany.
- The study detailing the findings of the gliding gecko species research was published in the renowned German journal on herpetology
The Ptychozoon Subgenus
The Ptychozoon subgenus encompasses a group of flying, parachute, or gliding geckos. Worldwide, there are a total of 13 known species within this subgenus. These geckos are predominantly found in Southeast Asia and possess unique characteristics that enable them to glide between trees.
Characteristics of Flying Geckos
Flying geckos, including Gekko mizoramensis, are arboreal creatures, meaning they primarily inhabit trees. They have the remarkable ability to glide from one tree to another. These geckos are nocturnal in nature, displaying heightened activity during the night. While they possess webbed limbs and flat tails, it is important to note that they do not possess the capability to fly.
Distinct Differences and DNA Analysis
Initially, it was believed that the gliding gecko species found in Mizoram was Ptychozoon lionotum, which is primarily found in Myanmar, approximately 700 km away from the new species’ habitat. However, through extensive studies, including DNA analysis, the researchers discovered distinct differences between the two species. The DNA comparison revealed a significant 21% difference, supporting the classification of the Mizoram gecko as a distinct species.
Collection Locations in Mizoram
The specimens of the new species, Gekko mizoramensis, were collected from various locations in Mizoram. These locations include the wildlife sanctuary in Kolasib district, Dampa Tiger Reserve, and Lawngtlai district. The broad distribution of the species within Mizoram contributed to its naming.
The Significance of the Naming
The researchers decided to name the new species after the northeastern state of Mizoram due to its extensive presence and collection across different parts of the region. This naming practice honors the state’s rich biodiversity and showcases the significance of Mizoram in the field of herpetology.
Month: Current Affairs - May, 2023
Category: Science & Technology Current Affairs