Fact Sheet: Bathinda Fort

India is a land of diverse cultural heritage, where the remnants of the past still stand tall and proud, bearing testimony to the country’s rich history. One such iconic structure is the Bathinda Fort in Punjab, believed to be the oldest surviving fort in the country. The fort, which dates back to over 1,600 years, is currently undergoing repairs and restoration to preserve its legacy for future generations.

History of Bathinda Fort

The Bathinda Fort has a rich history that dates back to the Kushan era in 100 AD. The fort is believed to have been constructed by Bhatti Rajput rulers during the 6th century. The fort has seen many rulers and empires come and go, including the Guptas, Huns, Mughals, and British, each of whom left their mark on the structure. The fort’s walls, made of clay bricks, are 10 to 12 feet thick, with several bastions spread across the complex. The fort covers an area of about 6 acres, and its main entrance is called the Delhi Gate.

Challenges Faced by the Fort

The Bathinda Fort has faced several challenges over the years. Due to its age, several bastions have collapsed in recent years, posing a threat to the overall structure’s stability. Additionally, the Covid-19 pandemic halted repair work for two years, causing further damage to the fort’s walls and structures.

Restoration Efforts by the Archaeological Survey of India

To preserve the fort’s legacy, the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) has taken up the task of restoring and repairing the structure. A team of 30 to 40 experts is currently working on the project, using traditional building techniques to maintain the fort’s original character. The ASI has also ensured that the repair work does not damage the fort’s original structure or cause any harm to the environment.

Bathinda Fort: A Popular Tourist Destination

The Bathinda Fort is a popular tourist destination, with more than 4,000 to 5,000 visitors daily. The Gurdwara Qila Mubarak, built in the early 19th century to commemorate the visit of Guru Gobind Singh, is also located within the fort complex, adding to its religious and cultural importance.

Preserving India’s Rich Cultural Heritage

The restoration of the Bathinda Fort is an excellent example of how India is working to preserve its rich cultural heritage for future generations. By investing in the repair and restoration of iconic structures like the Bathinda Fort, India can showcase its rich history and culture to the world. It also ensures that future generations can explore and learn from the past, keeping the country’s cultural legacy alive for years to come.



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