Land Reforms

Reforming Restrictive Tenancy Laws

It is widely accepted that transforming agriculture in the medium to long-run requires fundamental reforms in land institutions as well. But the terms of reference of the High Powered Committee of Chief Ministers for Transformation of Indian Agriculture not include land reforms. It has to be noted that during its first term the government headed ..


Constitution First Amendment Act, 1951

The First Amendment was passed in 1951 by the Provisional Parliament, which was elected on a limited franchise. The Statement of Reasons (SOR) relating to the First Amendment said: “Challenges to agrarian laws or laws relating to land reform were pending in courts and were holding up large schemes of land legislation through dilatory and ..

Various Issues and Challenges in the anti-Naxal strategy and measures in India

Various issues and challenges in the anti-Naxal strategy and measures in India include Land reforms, empowerment of the grassroot organizations, transparency in land acquisition, employments, presence of efficient government machinery etc. They have been discussed below: Implementation of Land Reforms The most critical component of the Anti-Naxal strategy is a committed, transparent and high priority ..

Tebhaga Movement

The Tebhaga movement was led by the share croppers of the Bengal region against the oppressive jotedars in 1946-47. The uprising was due to the share cropping system that prevailed in the Bengal. During the early nineteen century a new class of rich peasants known as jotedars emerged in the Bengal region. The jotedars collected ..

Land Ceiling and Consolidation of Land Holdings in India

The land ceiling acts define the size of land that an individual/family can own. In India, by 1961-62, all the state governments have passed the land ceiling acts. But the ceiling limits varied from state to state. To bring uniformity across states, a new land ceiling policy was evolved in 1971. In 1972, national guidelines ..