What is ‘Human Organ Transportation Drone’?

Union Minister for Road Transport and Highways Nitin Gadkari recently inaugurated the country’s first prototype drone for transporting human organs to facilitate quick transplantation in hospitals.

Key Points

  • With this innovation, it will take much less time to transport the transplanted organs from airport to hospital.  At present, this facility has been started by MGM Healthcare Hospital located in Chennai.
  • This drone can be used to carry the organ box up to a distance of 20 km. For this, an agreement has been signed with a city-based drone company.
  • This experiment will prove to be a milestone in the direction of seamless transport of organs after transplantation in this service.
  • India ranks third in the world after United States and China, with a maximum of 17,000-18,000 solid organ transplants every year. And to defend such circumstances, the human organ transportation drone can be a boon.

Organ Transplantations in India:

Globally, Spain has the highest organ donation rate at about 34 donors per million, while India has nearly 0.03 donors per million. In India, Tamil Nadu has a highest number of organ donations.

India needs an estimated 6 lakh kidney donations annually, only 6,000 kidney transplants take place. The number of heart transplants is just inching close to 500.

National Organ and Tissue Transplant Organization (NOTTO) under the ministry of health and family welfare was setup in 2014 to oversee the process of Organ transplantation. Under NOTTO two organizations are present, namely, Regional Organ and Tissue Transplant Organization (ROTTO) and SOTTO (State Organ and Tissue Transplant organization)

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