National Electric Mobility Mission Plan (NEMMP) 2020

National Electric Mobility Mission Plan (NEMMP) 2020 was launched by UPA government in 2013. The objective of this plan is to achieve national fuel security by promoting hybrid and electric vehicles in the country. Its objective is that 6-7 million of different types of electric and hybrid vehicles should be sold by 2020, which will result in 2.2-2.5 million tonnes of liquid fuel savings and a decrease of 1.3 – 1.5% in carbon dioxide emissions.

Under  this plan, the government encourages production of xEVs that are reliable, affordable and meet price / performance expectations.

Importance of NEMMP in sustainable mobility and National Fuel Security

In the light of concerns about increasing consumption of fossil fuels and rise in global carbon dioxide emissions, sustainable mobility has assumed greater significance in recent years. As transportation sector accounts for second largest emissions of carbon dioxide globally, governments, climate change activists and other stakeholders are advocating greater adoption of alternate and cleaner transport technologies.

Various alternate power-train technologies like hybrid electric vehicles, Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, range extender electric vehicles, and battery electric vehicles are being experimented and even sold in the market. The demand for these in the market is still not very high because of their costs. For more people to adopt them, governments are providing incentives to consumers in the form of tax and cash incentives and developing charging infrastructure for the car. Even the manufacturers are being given incentives for investment in R&D.

It is the critical importance of shifting to cleaner forms of transport, that led the government to announce the National Electric Mobility Mission Plan (NEMMP) 2020.  This plan aims to save 2.2-2.5 million tonnes of liquid fuel and a decrease of 1.3 – 1.5% in carbon dioxide emissions. However, success of this plan needs that the government and industry work in partnership to achieve its aims and make sustainable mobility a reality in the coming years.

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