Government Policies and Interventions for Development in Various Sectors


                                                                                                                                                                                                              This is a dynamic E-Book comprising the below UPSC Mains Model Questions as well as their answers written by GKToday team. The PDF E-Book can be instantly downloaded after payment. No Hadcopy is provided.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. Critically discuss the various arguments on the basis of which the Aadhaar project has been challenged for violating the right to privacy. To what extent do you agree with these views? Discuss.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            2. Examine the concerns about privacy issues with Digital India programme.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            3. "Serious concerns have been raised regarding various provisions of Human DNA Profiling Bill ranging from its reliability to its potential for misuse and errors."Discuss.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            4. What do you understand by Right to Privacy? Examine various issues around Right to Privacy in recent times in India.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            5. Discuss the key roles and responsibilities of MUDRA Bank throwing light on three-pronged classification of the borrowers. Do you see any conflict in its roles versus responsibilities. Discuss?
                                                                                                                                                                                                            6. How Can MUDRA Bank Make a Difference to the Indian Economy? Examine giving substantial arguments.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            7. "The success of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is doubtful until toilet building is not accompanied by Behavioural change in the masses."What do you understand by this statement? Examine the need and ways to achieve this behavioural change.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            8. "Poor implementation of sanitation schemes is the reason that India is plagued with health and hygiene issues."In the light of this statement discuss why Swachh Bharat Mission seems to be non-starter even after one year of its launch.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            9. In comparison to the simple and less ambitious eight MDGs, the SGDs are a mammoth list of goals and targets. Discuss critically.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            10. "Total elimination of poverty require more than charity."Discuss in the light of fiscal requirements around recently adopted Sustainable Development Goals.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            11. What do you understand by Voluntary Provident Fund (VPF) and Unrecognized Employee Provident Funds (EPF)? Discuss.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            12. "An independent nation cannot progress if it relies upon the Western concepts like individualism, democracy, socialism, communism, capitalism etc."Discuss in the light of Integral Humanism as ascribed to Deen Dayal Upadhyaya.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            13. Despite of several industrial policies presenting a favouring envionment, the capital goods sector is witnessing slow growth for many years. Discuss critically in the light of Draft National Capital Goods Policy 2015.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            14. While assessing the recent events in Arunachal Pradesh critically examine the powers and duties of a Governor under Article 174, 175 and 176 of the Constitution.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            15. Critically examine the obligations of the Juvenile Justice Boards to deal with 'children in conflict with the law' in the enacted Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            16. Critically discuss the arguments that the recently passed Juvenile Justice Act 2015 is inconsistent with the Constitutional provisions and international child rights.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            17. Critically discuss the CMs Panel's Recommendations on rationalization of Centrally Sponsored Schemes.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            18. Analyze the government decision to impose cess to involve each and every citizen in makinga contribution to Swachh Bharat. Give your arguments against or in favour of the move.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            19. What do you understand by mission mode? Discuss various schemes launched by Government of India in mission mode for Agriculture, Horticulture and Animal Husbandry.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            20. What are the various concerns around the proposed interlinking of rivers project? In the light of these concerns, are there any better and simpler alternatives to meet our future water needs? Discuss.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            21. It is quite apparent that poverty in India is more concentrated in certain geographical areas and overall progress in fight against poverty and hunger has been uneven."While elucidating the reasons, suggest appropriate policy measures towards achieving Goals 1 and 2 of United Nation's Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
                                                                                                                                                                                                            22. Reaching the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) of halving poverty remains out of reach for most developing countries, particularly Sub-Saharan Africa. What has been India's performance in this context? Discuss while elucidating the meanings of "eradicate extreme poverty"and "halve national poverty"by 2030 under the Sustainable Development Goal 1.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            23. India's standard in sports has been declining over the years and there is a need for immediate reform and sound strategy to perform in the upcoming events like 2020 Olympics. What ails sports sector? Discuss while suggesting appropriate government strategy.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            24. Discuss the objectives and functioning of the MGNREGA's geo-tag platform 'Bhuvan'? To what extent, it has potential to establish transparency in the MGNREGA implementation? Opine.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            25. Every now and then, India is facing spontaneous eruptions of farmers agitations in recent times. While throwing light upon various plights of the farmers, suggest policy measures.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            26. What are the tangible benefits of the geotagging of the assets created under MGNREGA? Elucidate the role of National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC), ISRO and National Informatics Centre in geotagging.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            27. Discuss the key digital initiative taken by Ministry of Rural Development in recent years highlighting their potential in fixing the lacuane in India's rural development.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            28. In Indian society, caste biases play a prominent role in work allocation. In this context, critically comment how Prohibition of employment of manual scavengers Act has fared?
                                                                                                                                                                                                            29. To what extent, the use of technology in welfare initiatives has ensured better service delivery as well as subsidy rationalization? Comment critically.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            30. Critically discuss the performance of the National Urban Livelihoods Mission (NULM) since its launch in 2013 towards reducing poverty and vulnerability of urban poor households.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            31. Critically analyze the provisions of maternity benefit amendment act 2016. Do you think these provisions will help in bridging gender gap at the workplace?|
                                                                                                                                                                                                            32. Section 498-A of Indian Penal Code is considered to be most draconian provision of the IPC with respect to dowry. Critically discuss the recent (July 2017) Supreme Court order in this context and its potential implications
                                                                                                                                                                                                            33. What are the proposed amendments to the Whistle Blowers Act? Do they defeat the very purpose of the legislation? Discuss
                                                                                                                                                                                                            34. Without emphasizing on behavioral change the idea of Clean India seems elusive. Critically examine while highlighting innovative measures by various states to focus on attitudinal change.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            35. While highlighting the key features of "Khelo India initiative", discuss its relevance towards changing the sporting culture and infrastructure in India
                                                                                                                                                                                                            36. Discuss the short term and long term initiatives launched by government of India towards skill development. Why some express concerns that these initiatives are creating skills for those sectors where jobs are not being created? How such concerns should be addressed?
                                                                                                                                                                                                            37. Discuss the steps taken by Central Government to reduce the incidents of human trafficking, especially of children and women in India.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            38. Even after various initiatives rural population especially women are out the digital financial ecosystem. What steps do you think should be taken for the inclusion of rural women in the digital financial ecosystem?
                                                                                                                                                                                                            39. The benefits of demographic divided cannot be reaped without providing skills to the large unskilled population. Discuss connecting skill development with skewed workforce.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            40. Critically analyze the success and failures of MGNREGA while keeping in foci various aspects of rural development.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            41. What do you understand by so called 'nudge theory'? Explain while elucidating its impacts for people and government.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            42. "Development policies become more effective when combined with insights into human behavior." Critically comment in context of Swachh Bharat Mission.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            43. While taking example of Delhi-NCR region, critically elucidate the effects of swift urban development over urban climate and public health.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            44. Does the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016 ensure effective mechanism for empowerment and inclusion of the intended beneficiaries in the society? Discuss.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            45. 'To ensure effective implementation of policies addressing water, sanitation and hygiene needs the identification of the beneficiary segments is to be synchronized with anticipated outcomes." Examine the statement in the context of the WASH scheme.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            46. Discuss the implications of Supreme Court mandate to exclude the telecom consumers and services from the purview of Consumer Protection Act. Include the views of parliamentary Standing Committee on IT on this matter in your answer.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            47. Bring out the key differences between India's Aadhaar and Social Security Number (SSN) of United States while examining the role of former in better implantation of government schemes for vulnerable sections of society.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            48. Amid the growing concerns around groundwater, discuss the salient features, significance and prospects of Atal Bhoojal Yojana.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            49. Critically discuss the 3F (Finance, Function and Functionaries) issues with local bodies as a hindrance to achieve the Swachh Bharat Mission goals.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            50. Throw light on the achievements of Department of Social Justice & Empowerment over the last few years.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            51. What are various provisions in the constitution guaranteeing constitutional rights and safeguards for children? Name some national and international organisations working towards children's rights.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            52. While elucidating the constitutional and legal rights of Prisoners in India, discuss the practical deficiencies in exercise of these rights.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            53. What are the major problems to bring persons with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDDs) in the mainstream of social life? Discuss while in context of the "Inclusive India Initiative".
                                                                                                                                                                                                            54. With reference to Juvenile Delinquency in India, explain Criminal Responsibility and Criminal Majority while highlighting key issues around them in the Juvenile Justice Act, 2015.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            55. What are the major challenges in bringing about the requisite behavioural change in effective implementation of Swachh Bharat Mission? Suggest ways to strengthen the mission.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            56. Enumerate the various reforms in personal laws in India to eliminate their discriminatory nature.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            57. Despite the laws advocating 18 and 21 as minimum age for marriages of girls and boys, a substantial proportion of girls and boys are subjected to child marriages in India. Discuss the underlying factors driving child marriages and impacts of the same on Indian society.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            58. What are the hits and misses in the implementation of the Swachh Bharat Mission so far?
                                                                                                                                                                                                            59. Why there is a need to integrate agricultural sector with Poshan Abhiyan?
                                                                                                                                                                                                            60. Why Swachh Bharat Mission has failed to realise its objectives in true sense?
                                                                                                                                                                                                            61. What are the major criticisms against the Supreme Court verdict on reservation in promotions?
                                                                                                                                                                                                            62. What was the Supreme Court verdict in the case of Nagaraj and Others v/s Union of India? What is significance of this verdict?
                                                                                                                                                                                                            63. Discuss the salient features of Trafficking of Persons (Prevention, Protection and Rehabilitation) Bill, 2018 and its flaws. Why it has not been brought onto action yet?
                                                                                                                                                                                                            64. Characterise the LGBTQ+ movement along with recent supreme court rulings related to this matter in India.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            65. What are the issues surrounding the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Scheme?
                                                                                                                                                                                                            66. What in your opinion are the reasons for the downward revision of MGNREGA budget for 2019-20?
                                                                                                                                                                                                            67. What in your opinion will be the effect of landholding limit which has been lifted by the government and extension of PM-KISAN scheme to all the farmers?
                                                                                                                                                                                                            68. How do you think a Parliamentary majority will help the government to deliver more agricultural programmes?
                                                                                                                                                                                                            69. What kind of comprehensive plan is needed to tackle the developing water crisis in India?
                                                                                                                                                                                                            70. Are you of the view that the workforce of India is masculinizing gradually?
                                                                                                                                                                                                            71. NRC has violated the Constitutional morality and may other principles of international law. The exercise can only bring shame to India. Comment.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            72. Explain in detail the features of the Wage code bill. What is the need of such a bill?
                                                                                                                                                                                                            73. The promises of �Housing for All by 2022� have failed to address the needs of the migrants and created sanctuaries of hope for migrant workers. Comment.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            74. Involvement of local governments and communities of water users is necessary to address India�s growing water challenges. Analyze the statement in the context of recent status of water situation in the country.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            75. India has to seriously think about the violations to the law on Manual Scavenging. Legislation alone, maybe cannot help. Examine this in the light of the insidious caste discrimination.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            76. The government has recently tabled a Bill in Lok Sabha for allowing only a voluntary use of Aadhaar. Do you think that law which is promising may actually lead to a stringent enforcement?
                                                                                                                                                                                                            77. Do you think digitisation of government processes should be the next step in the Digital Revolution of India? Comment.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            78. Why bringing ministries of Agriculture, rural development and Panchayati Raj under a single minister is seen as a welcome move?
                                                                                                                                                                                                            79. Examine the trends in unemployment rates across various religious groups in the light of Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) data by Ministry of Minority Affairs.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            80. Why India refused to sign Osaka declaration on free flow of data across borders?
                                                                                                                                                                                                            81. What are the determining factors of the new version of the Code on Wages Bill, cleared by the Union Cabinet?
                                                                                                                                                                                                            82. How victimisation survey can aid in addressing the shortcomings of crime data collection?
                                                                                                                                                                                                            83. Why it is necessary to explore to solve the challenges of NRC in a humane way?
                                                                                                                                                                                                            84. The State Science and Technology Councils can provide a platform to address the real world problems of India but are facing numerous hurdles. What are they?
                                                                                                                                                                                                            85. What are the findings of the Global Hunger Index 2019?
                                                                                                                                                                                                            86. What are the new components in the Crime in India Report 2017?
                                                                                                                                                                                                            87. The data in the NCRB crime report doesn’t potray a correct picture about the crime scenarios. Discuss
                                                                                                                                                                                                            88. What are the features of the recently approved Gujarat Control of Terrorism and Organised Crime (GCTOC) Bill, 2019 ? How is it different from from The Maharashtra Control of Organised Crime Act (MCOCA), 1999 on which it is based ?
                                                                                                                                                                                                            89. Discuss the provisions of the Citizenship (amendment) bill which has recently been passed in the parliament.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            90. Effective control over arms and ammunitions is very important for safety and security in the country. In this context discuss the provisions of the Arms (Amendment) Bill, 2019.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            91. In the absence of scientific planning and implementation, measures like Jal Shakti Abhiyan may fall short of being successful. Analyze.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            92. In light of the recent incidents of rape and abuse against women in the country, discuss the provisions of Andhra Pradesh Disha Bill 2019.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            93. Ten years of Competition Commission of India
                                                                                                                                                                                                            94. RTI & Locus Standi
                                                                                                                                                                                                            95. Citizenship Act : Comparing India & Pakistan
                                                                                                                                                                                                            96. Leakages in the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana scheme
                                                                                                                                                                                                            97. Is Right to Internet a Fundamental Right ?
                                                                                                                                                                                                            98. National Population Register & its linkage with National Register of Citizens
                                                                                                                                                                                                            99. E-commerce market growth & hindrances
                                                                                                                                                                                                            100. Good Governance Index as a tool to improve governance
                                                                                                                                                                                                            101. Concerns on the use of facial recognition technology
                                                                                                                                                                                                            102. India's Progress Measured in SDG Index 2.0 By NITI Aayog
                                                                                                                                                                                                            103. Disclaimer: These questions have been written and answered by GKToday team over the period of time; and have included some previous years questions also. While every effort was made to ensure that these questions as well as their answers remain relevent and correct, it is possible, that some facts or context in some questions might have changed over time. GKToday does not assume and hereby disclaims any liability to any party for any loss, damage, or disruption caused by such change of facts or context in the questions and answers of this E-book.

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