NCBC Chairman on sub-categorisation of OBCs

The chairman of National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC), Bhagwan Lal Sahni, said that the NCBC is in favour of four subcategories of the Other Backward Classes (OBCs). This move complies with the recommendation of the Justice Rohini Commission.

Justice Rohini Commission

It was constituted on October 2, 2017. This commission has been appointed in order to study and report about the sub-categorisation of OBCs. The commission will be submitting the report by July 2021. The panel’s terms of reference are to study the extent of inequitable distribution of benefits of reservation among castes or communities. The panel will also work out on the mechanism, criteria and parameters for sub-categorisation within the OBCs.

Sub-Categorisation of OBCs

  • The sub-categories of the OBCs will be done by keeping those sections in mind which have either benefited adequately or less benefited from the reservation.
  • While the two other categories will be for the least benefited and those who have not been benefited from present reservation structure of the OBCs.

Existing OBC categorisation

The subcategorization of OBCs is already in place in Bihar. Bihar has subcategorised it as OBCs and EBCs.

National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC)

NCBC was constituted on August 14, 1993 in the aftermath of commission was the outcome of Indra Sawhney & Ors. Vs. Union of India case. It was given the status of constitutional body in accordance with the 123rd constitutional amendment bill 2017 and the 102nd amendment of 2018. Article 338B of the Indian Constitution deals with the NCBC. The body works under Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment. NCBC was established to pursue the provisions of National Commission for Backward Classes Act, 1993.

Article 338 B

As per this article, the commission comprises of a Chairperson, Vice-Chairperson and three other Members. The appointment, conditions of service and tenure of office of all of them is decided by the President.

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