Quiz 613: Questions on Social Sector Schemes for Civil Services Examination

1. The National Mission for Saffron has been launched as a subscheme of which among the following programmes?
[A]National Food Security Mission
[B]National Horticulture Mission
[C]Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana
[D]National Cash Crop Programme

Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana
Please note that there is no programme as mentioned in option D. Correct option is Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana. Three new sub-schemes have been introduced under RKVY from 2010-11, first on extending green revolution to Eastern Region of the country – covering States of Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Orissa, Eastern UP and West Bengal, with objective of increasing crop productivity of region by intensive cultivation through promotion of recommended agricultural technologies and package of practices. Allocation of Rs. 400 crore for 2010-11 has been made for this, out of which Rs. 260.62 crore have been released to the States so far. Second sub-scheme is special initiative for Pulses and Oilseeds in Dryland Areas during 2010- 11, with an allocation of Rs. 300 crore in current year and is operationalized by organizing 60,000 Pulse and Oilseeds Villages in identified watersheds by providing farm machinery and equipment on custom hiring basis to pulses and oilseed farmers and dovetailing with other existing central schemes having components for promotion of oilseeds and pulses production. Rs. 238.50 crore have been released to the States under this sub-scheme so far. Third sub-scheme is National Mission for Saffron-Economic Revival of J&K Saffron Sector with allocation of Rs. 39.43 crore for current year. Out of this, first instalment of Rs. 19.72 crore has been released to Jammu & Kashmir.

2. One of the key features of many flagship schemes such as MGNREGA and NRLM is that they are “Demand Driven”. What is / are the feature / features of a demand driven scheme?
1. The process is driven from the grassroots of the society
2. The planning is highly centralised
3. Implementation is largely done by the Central Government
Choose the correct option:
[A]Only 1
[B]1 & 2
[C]2 & 3
[D]1, 2 & 3

Only 1
This is a very good question. There are two systems , one is allocation based and another is demand driven. Allocation based can be also called supply driven. The Demand driven implies that:
1. The scheme implementation is driven from below by the grassroots institutions of poor.
2. The planning will be highly decentralised
3. It is driven by the institutions such as PRIs, SHGs etc.
Under NREGA, the jobs are demand driven. Under NRLM also, a demand driven strategy is adopted. States have the flexibility to develop their action plans for poverty reduction which will include a 7 year Perspective Plan and a detailed Annual Action Plan. The overall plan will be within the allocation for the state based on inter-se poverty ratios.

3. Consider the following statements in context with the Indira Awaas Yojana (IAY):
1. The beneficiaries of the schemes are BPL people and families of Exservicemen of the armed forces & paramilitary forces killed in action
2. The Beneficiary is needed to construct IAY houses per the architectural specification and layout given under IAY
3. A person must have a plot to avail the benefits of Indira Awas Yojana
Which among the above statements is / are correct?
[A]Only 1
[B]1 & 2
[C]1, 2 & 3
[D]1 & 3

Only 1
Aim of Indira Awaas Yojana is to provide financial assistance to the rural poor living Below the Poverty Line (BPL) for construction of a house. The benefits of the Scheme have since been extended to the families of Exservicemen of the armed forces & paramilitary forces killed in action. Besides 3% of the houses are reserved for the physically & mentally challenged persons of the rural BPL families. Funds are also been earmarked for coverage of minorities. Beneficiary is free to construct IAY house of their own choice. Hence, there is no architectural specification and layout given under IAY. A person is eligible for benefits even if he/ she has not plot.

4. In context with the State Employment Guarantee Council, consider the following statements:
1. State Employment Guarantee Council is a statutory body established through a legislation by the state assembly
2. The annual report of the State Employment Guarantee Council is submitted to the legislative assembly of the state
Which among the above statements is/ are correct?
[A]Only 1
[B]Only 2
[C]Both 1 & 2
[D]Neither 1 nor 2

Only 2
MGNREGA is a central act, which provides for State Employment Guarantee Council (SEGC) at state level and National Employment Guarantee Council (NEGC) at Union Level. NEGC is headed by Minister of Rural development. The annual reports are laid in the assembly and parliament respectively.

5. As per the Mihir Shah committee report, the average annual person-days of work generated under MGNREGA since inception has never exceeded _____?
[A]46 days
[B]52 Days
[C]57 Days
[D]66 Days

57 Days
Let us first remember that the average annual person-days of work generated under MGNREGA since inception has never exceeded 54 days. Surely this in itself indicates the critical but still small and supplementary nature of this employment for our self-selecting poorest people. And if we closely examine the question of seasonality of this work, an analysis of the quantum of MGNREGA works provided across the year indicates a powerful seasonal fluctuation, with a disproportionately higher share of works being done during the off-season in agriculture. The month-wise employment data under MGNREGA during FY 2010-11 indicates that it is in the lean agricultural season (January-June), that around 70% of person-days of work were generated. And if we were to correct for the fact that in major MGNREGA States like Tamil Nadu this is actually not the lean season, the proportion of MGNREGA work provided in the off-season in agriculture would be even higher. (Mihir Shah Committee)

6. Launched in 2008, the Mega Food Park scheme promotes fully-integrated food parks. What assistance is provided in this scheme?
1. Half the total cost of the project
2. 25% of the Land Cost
3. 25% of the non-capital components such as operation and management costs
Choose the correct option:
[A]Only 1
[B]1 & 2
[C]1, 2 & 3
[D]None of them

Only 1
Launched in 2008, the scheme promotes fully-integrated food parks and provides half the total cost of the project, minus land and non-capital components such as operation and management costs. Such parks are expected to not only increase processing levels in the country — only six per cent of fruits and vegetables grown in the country are processed — but also promote cluster farming, benefiting farmers.

For instance, each mega food park is to have a number of collection centres in a 120-km area around, where the farmer can directly sell his produce. The ministry has urged the state governments to adopt and implement its model State Agricultural Produce Marketing Act, so that the collection centres could be freed of mandi tax and farmers could get maximum returns, by dealing directly with buyer-companies.

7. In India, the Insurance Portability is available to the customers in context with__:
1. Life Insurance
2. Health Insurance
3. Vehicle Insurance
Choose the correct option:
[A]Only 1
[B]Only 1 & 2
[C]Only 2
[D]Only 2 & 3

Only 2
In India, Health insurance Portability is available to consumers from October 2011. The policy holder has to inform the new insurer about the time regarding the choice of switching. According to Irda guidelines, insurers need to be informed 45 days before renewing the existing policy. If the request for the portability is made after 45 days, the insurer may reject the request. Waiting period for certain illness varies from insurer to insurer. Hence, it is important for the policy holders to check the time period for pre-existing diseases. Besides the specific exclusions, other terms and conditions need to be scrutinised well before shifting.

8. Consider the following statements in context with Mobile Number Portability (MNP):
1. Mobile Number Portability (MNP) was pioneered by Singapore
2. In India, operator, location and service portability are available to customers
Which among the above statements is / are correct?
[A]Only 1 is correct
[B]Only 2 is correct
[C]Both 1 & 2 are correct
[D]Neither 1 nor 2 is correct

Only 1 is correct
Mobile Number Portability (MNP) was launched in India in January 2011. It allows the user to retain the existing number while giving him an option to change the subscriber. Singapore was pioneer in introducing MNP in 1997; thereafter the service was introduced in different countries like Hong Kong, Australia, Europe, Japan, New Zealand and UK. Number portability is of three types; operator, location and service portability. However, most of the countries have adopted the operator portability due to its ability to promote fair competition amongst the operators. In India, Mobile Number Portability is confined to shift to another operator of your choice as of now. In India MNP was launched from Haryana.

9. Consider the following comparisons of Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) & Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana (IGMSY):
1. Both Provide Cash Incentives
2. Both schemes come under the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM)
3. Both address wage loss during the pregnancy and after delivery
Which among the above observations is / are correct?
[A]Only 1
[B]1 & 2
[C]2 & 3
[D]None of them

Only 1
Only first statement is correct. Although Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) by Ministry of Health and Family Welfare provides a one-time cash incentive to a pregnant woman for institutional delivery/home delivery through skilled assistance, however, it does not address wage loss during pregnancy and after delivery. Both the schemes thus provide cash incentives but the difference is as follows: JSY → One Time, No address to wage loss IMGSY → 3 tranches, address to wage loss.

10. The Rastriya Krishi Vikas Yojana of Government of India envisages the development in the following fields in India:
1. Production of Pulses and Oilseeds
2. Production of Fodder
3. Development of Rainfed areas of India
4. Cultivation of Saffron
5. Development of Vegetable clusters
Choose the correct option:
[A]1 , 2 & 3
[B]1, 3 & 4
[C]1, 3, 4 & 5
[D]1, 2, 3, 4 & 5

1, 2, 3, 4 & 5 Provision of Rs. 9217 crore has been made for this scheme in the Budget of 2012-13. It includes 9 sub components. These are: special initiative for pulses and oilseeds development in selected pulses and oilseed growing villages in rain-fed areas, scheme to bridge yield gap in agriculture in eastern India, initiative on vegetable clusters, accelerated fodder development programme, rain-fed area development programme, promotion of oil palm, nutri- cereals, national mission for protein supplements and saffron mission.

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  • sandeep

    very very great work nice collectio and their explation short and fully informative ,,,,,,,,,,,easy to rember also……….thanks gk today …..the whole teem is doing great job

  • Bhupi

    Excellent collections o questions with a very good explanations.

  • seetha0712

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  • ajay jitpure

    there are good colaction of ques .