GS-I: Indian Art Forms


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                                                                                                                              1. Gandhara sculpture owed as much to the Romans as to the Greeks. Explain.
                                                                                                                              2. Critically analyze how the Bhava-Rasa theory, as expounded by Abhinavagupta, has shaped the understanding and appreciation of Indian art.
                                                                                                                              3. "Because of its unique geographical location the Kashmir Valley has been a meeting ground of diverse races and cultures through the centuries". Examine how Kashmir has contributed to India's art and culture.
                                                                                                                              4. What are the Shadanga and Chitrasutra traditions of ancient India in connection with ancient Indian Paintings?
                                                                                                                              5. Differentiate between Murals, Miniatures and Frescoes with suitable examples.
                                                                                                                              6. "The Ajanta caves show two clear-cut phases of paintings with depiction of Buddha". Discuss.
                                                                                                                              7. Examine the factors that led to development of two genres of Imperial Mughal art and Provincial Mughal art during the medieval India.
                                                                                                                              8. Discuss the evolution, key features and notable contribution of the Deccani School of paintings.
                                                                                                                              9. "The sophisticated style of art that is seen in the paintings of Ajanta is also found in surviving wall paintings and in fragments of murals in many parts of India."Elaborate.
                                                                                                                              10. Pala School represents the earliest examples of miniature painting in India. Discuss the key features of this school of painting.
                                                                                                                              11. Mughal style of paintings presents beautiful synthesis of indigenous Indian style of painting and the Safavid school of Persian painting. Examine the key features of this school of paintings.
                                                                                                                              12. Differentiate between Mysore Paintings and Tanjore Paintings.
                                                                                                                              13. To what extent revival of vaishnavism and Bhakti movement led to development of various painting schools in India. Examine.
                                                                                                                              14. Evaluate the key differences between Mughal style and Rajput style of paintings.
                                                                                                                              15. Discuss the circumstances in which Company School of Paintings developed in India. Enumerate its salient features and subjects.
                                                                                                                              16. Do you think that the Company School of Painting had a Pan-India Presence? Substantiate your answer.
                                                                                                                              17. Critically examine the efforts of Raja Ravi Varma to re-establish Indian art.
                                                                                                                              18. Why the Bengal School of paintings is called the "Renaissance School "? Discuss the salient features of the Bengal School paintings.
                                                                                                                              19. Discuss the historical context in which Abanindranath Tagore painted "Bharatmata". Analyze the impact of this painting on Swadeshi Movement.
                                                                                                                              20. Kalighat School is a unique and delightful Blend of the Oriental and the Occidental styles of painting. Critically examine the key features of this school.
                                                                                                                              21. Discuss the distinct features of Cheriyal Scroll Paintings which make it worthy of protection by Geographical Indications Registry.
                                                                                                                              22. With reference to the Mauryan era art, what do you understand by the Court art and the Popular Art? Discuss with examples.
                                                                                                                              23. The Gandhara sculpture owed as much to the Romans as to the Greeks. Explain.
                                                                                                                              24. Write a note on the Utsava Murtis tradition and Tamalana System with reference to ancient metal sculpture in India.
                                                                                                                              25. Discuss the Tandava dance as recorded in the early Indian inscriptions.
                                                                                                                              26. Differentiate between the Marga Sangeet and Pathya Sangeet of ancient India.
                                                                                                                              27. Discuss the contribution of Amir Khusro to Indian Music.
                                                                                                                              28. The Bhakti cult directly contributed to the theory and practice of music which deeplyimpacted the Hindustani Classical Music. Discuss.
                                                                                                                              29. Five classical dances of India are considered to be the mystic manifestation of the metaphysical elements of nature. Elaborate.
                                                                                                                              30. Differentiate between Natya Dharmi and Lok Dharmi traditions as mentioned in ancient Indian scriptures.
                                                                                                                              31. Elaborate about various types of Puppetry Art in India.
                                                                                                                              32. Give a detailed account of the evolution of Veena through different stages, from ancient times to modern times.
                                                                                                                              33. There is no adherence to rules so strictly in Folk music as compared to classical music. Elucidate
                                                                                                                              34. Write short note on musical stone pillars in temples.
                                                                                                                              35. Discuss the modern trends in Indian classical music.
                                                                                                                              36. What do you understand by Abhinaya? What are different kinds of Abhinaya?
                                                                                                                              37. With reference to ancient Indian art forms, throw light on the concept of Navarasa.
                                                                                                                              38. Elucidate the Karna and Angahgara components in context with classical Indian dances.
                                                                                                                              39. "Kathakali is a distinct combination of Natya, Nritta and Nritya."Discuss.
                                                                                                                              40. "Of all the Vishnu incarnations Krishna is one of the most popular and is portrayed prominently in all dance forms."Discuss.
                                                                                                                              41. The Vedic literature is broadly divided into two categories viz. Shruti and Smriti. Examine the key differences between the two.
                                                                                                                              42. Critically examine the main features of Badami cave paintings?
                                                                                                                              43. Write a Critical note on Vijayanagara paintings.
                                                                                                                              44. The panorama of Indian painting is enriched with a large number Rock-paintings found in Central India. Discuss what information do we get about the art of the Late Stone Age people from the rock paintings of that area?
                                                                                                                              45. How do the rock paintings of North Karnataka and Andhra differ from those of Western Central India? Discuss.
                                                                                                                              46. Discuss the features of the classical tradition in Painting giving suitable examples in support of your answer.
                                                                                                                              47. Discuss the essential characteristics of the medieval tradition in Indian painting. Give suitable examples in support of your answer.
                                                                                                                              48. Discuss the leaders who were responsible for Art Renaissance in modern times especially in the areas of painting and music.
                                                                                                                              49. Discuss the role of government of India for the preservation, promotion and dissemination of art and culture?
                                                                                                                              50. Early Buddhist Stupa-art, while depicting folk motifs and narratives, successfully expounds Buddhist ideals. Elucidate.
                                                                                                                              51. Trace the influence of colonialism and subsequent freedom struggle upon the evolution of Indian art forms.
                                                                                                                              52. The arts nurtured in satras in Assam are part of a living cultural tradition. Elucidate their origin and evolution and their contribution to India's art forms.
                                                                                                                              53. What are the common features and problems of contemporary Indian sculpture and contemporary Indian painting? Discuss with suitable examples.
                                                                                                                              54. The sculpture of the Maurya period clearly demonstrates the influence of foreign countries on Indian art. Examine critically.
                                                                                                                              55. How do you justify the view that the level of excellence of the Gupta numismatic art is not at all noticeable in later times? (150 words)
                                                                                                                              56. A large variety of mythical animals form the inseparable part of India's traditions, culture, religious beliefs, art forms etc. Discuss while giving suitable examples in Indian paintings and sculptures.
                                                                                                                              57. Critically discuss the impact of partition on India's popular art, particularly Cinema and Theatre with suitable examples.
                                                                                                                              58. How the interaction between Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism resulted into the synthesis of Indian Culture in ancient India? Discuss with suitable examples while limiting your answer to only visual art forms.
                                                                                                                              59. Discuss the development of drama through various phases in India while highlighting the contribution of folk theatre to Indian culture.
                                                                                                                              60. How does Indo-Saracenic architecture reflect the cultural and historical context of British India? Discuss while also analyzing the architectural elements that distinguish Indo-Saracenic buildings from other architectural styles in India.
                                                                                                                              61. How the ancient indigenous military / war systems have influenced the development of performing arts such as dance, drama and theatre in India? Discuss with appropriate examples.
                                                                                                                              62. How has unity in creativity contributed to the evolution and preservation of India's cultural and artistic heritage? Critically discuss with suitable examples.
                                                                                                                              63. With suitable examples, critically examine that Indo-Saracenic architecture was a tool of cultural appropriation.
                                                                                                                              64. Disclaimer: These questions have been written and answered by GKToday team over the period of time; and have included some previous years questions also. While every effort was made to ensure that these questions as well as their answers remain relevent and correct, it is possible, that some facts or context in some questions might have changed over time. GKToday does not assume and hereby disclaims any liability to any party for any loss, damage, or disruption caused by such change of facts or context in the questions and answers of this E-book.

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