GS-II: Important Aspects of Governance Transparency and Accountability Citizen Charters


                                                                                                              This is a dynamic E-Book comprising the below UPSC Mains Model Questions as well as their answers written by GKToday team. The PDF E-Book can be instantly downloaded after payment. No Hadcopy is provided.
                                                                                                            1. What do you understand by the so called "Digital Sovereignty"? What is its importance towards security, governance and public welfare? Discuss keeping focus on current government efforts towards digital sovereignty.
                                                                                                            2. While examining its key proposals, discuss the possible implications of proposed corporate governance code framework on Indian corporate.
                                                                                                            3. Discuss the salient recommendations of the Kotak committee on corporate governance. Why the ministry of corporate affairs (MCA) and Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) have expressed concerns over these proposals.
                                                                                                            4. "A strong Opposition is indispensable in a modern democracy." Discuss keeping in context, the current political environment in India.
                                                                                                            5. One of the major anomalies around development of regions in the country is lack of effective convergence between various Central and State government schemes. How the recent initiative of designating "Prabhari Officers" for 115 most backward districts addresses this anomaly? Discuss elucidating the contours of government's plan.
                                                                                                            6. What are the current provisions to rule out conflict of interest in senior bureaucrats assuming corporate roles post-resignation or retirement? Discuss suggesting what further reforms should be done to avoid post-retirement or post-resignation conflict of interest. []
                                                                                                            7. One of the aims of the governance is to ensure that the activities of an organization are run in an efficient manner to attain its predesigned objectives. To what extent, Big Data can be helpful in this direction? With suitable examples, discuss its importance in private as well as public sector.
                                                                                                            8. Does Pro-Active Governance and Timely Implementation (PRAGATI) endorse cooperative federalism?
                                                                                                            9. Managing conflicts of interest in both the public and private sectors has become a major governance issue world-wide. Discuss in context of India, how such conflict can be resolved.
                                                                                                            10. What do you understand by the term "Research Governance"? Discuss the steps taken by the government in recent years to boost the same in the country.
                                                                                                            11. Discuss the role of civic engagement and social accountability at local government level to boost good governance.
                                                                                                            12. Explain the terms "Bureaucratisation of Politics"and "Politicisation of Bureaucracy"with suitable examples.
                                                                                                            13. "Social audit of public works programs is the first and foremost vital feature for measuring the level of good governance."Critically discuss while enumerating steps taken in recent years by central and state governments to strengthen social audit.
                                                                                                            14. What are the factors that determine the success and failure of e-governance model? Discuss taking examples of three e-governance initiatives taken India
                                                                                                            15. Most of India's problems originate not from the lack of elaborate plans, but for the lack of seriousness in implementation. Critically discuss with suitable examples.
                                                                                                            16. Comment on (1) Role of quasi-judicial bodies in governance (2) Key domestic issues related to Internet Governance in India.
                                                                                                            17. The decline of parliamentary culture over the last decade poses serious threats to political accountability and probity. Critically examine the reasons for the same while suggesting measures that can be adopted to counter the menace.
                                                                                                            18. How the Mo Sarkar provides for enhancing the accountability of governance?
                                                                                                            19. Why it is said that there is under reporting of crimes in India?
                                                                                                            20. How India can ensure the outcomes of Swacch Bharat Mission remain sustainable?
                                                                                                            21. Is torture endemic to Indian Policing System? What are the mechanisms available to tackle the torture cases?
                                                                                                            22. India needs ease of policing’, better training and infrastructure to tackle the cases of torture. Discuss
                                                                                                            23. Justice denied is Justice delayed. Discuss the pendency problem of the Indian criminal investigation system in the light of the NCRB report.
                                                                                                            24. The incidents of fire tragedy in the country cannot be called an accident as it is a lack of governance and mismanagement at the regulatory level. Comment.
                                                                                                            25. Corporate Governance : Role of Independent Director
                                                                                                            26. Tata Sons : NCLAT Judgement
                                                                                                            27. Tata Sons & Corporate Governance Issues
                                                                                                            28. Creating three state capitals
                                                                                                            29. Even after 15 years of enactment, the RTI faces multiple issues in its effective implementation. Critically discuss while suggesting measures to address challenges in effective implementation of the RTI Act.
                                                                                                            30. Examine how the use of data in governance can play a crucial role to transform it. Discuss the associated challenges and remedial measures.
                                                                                                            31. Discuss the conditions, that in the last few decades, have led to the emergence of a new civil society in urban India. Highlight its contribution in policy change and making governance more effective.
                                                                                                            32. Although, the state has the right incentive and intentions to deliver public services efficiently, its capacity to do so is questionable. Critically discuss in the context of India.
                                                                                                            33. The principal constraint for India is trying to find solutions to 21st century problems using 19th century government structures. Discuss.
                                                                                                            34. How far has the governance in India achieved the twin objectives of transparency and accountability? Discuss.
                                                                                                            35. Have ‘Alternate Mechanisms’ been effective in improving the decision making process of the governance in India? Justify.
                                                                                                            36. E-Governance is a tool to empower citizens by transforming governance and increasing people’s participation in the democratic process. Discuss in context of India.
                                                                                                            37. The merit-based actions against some civil society groups are necessary but some opine it as curb on dissent. Analyze.
                                                                                                            38. Intervention by civil society has played a very important role in making governance transparent and accountable. Discuss in context of India.
                                                                                                            39. Information is the currency of democracy and one of the most crucial things to achieve good governance is sharing of information among all the stakeholders in government functioning. Elaborate.
                                                                                                            40. It has been often argued that the government of India is over-sized and it acts as a drag on the economic efficiency and growth. Critically evaluate.
                                                                                                            41. The National Digital Health Mission has the potential to transform the healthcare system, but the concerns around data privacy needs to be addressed. Examine.
                                                                                                            42. Explain the doctrine of neutrality and its significance in context of the constitutional offices in India.
                                                                                                            43. The public intent data can transform public sector by harnessing the power of data for development. In this context, highlight its importance and the challenges associated with its wide scale use.
                                                                                                            44. The reforms and decision-making of government can be greatly improved and accelerated with the help of cabinet committees. Critically evaluate.
                                                                                                            45. The Aspirational District Programme not only mark a change in the policy focus from output to outcome but also from a top-down approach to a collaborative form of governance. Analyse.
                                                                                                            46. Discuss the reasons for poor public service delivery in India. Also, suggest ways to make public service delivery more efficient.
                                                                                                            47. The true potential of e-governance cannot be realized by solely focusing on the technological aspect, rather it involves ushering reforms in governance itself. Discussing the statement, suggest what should be done to address the situation.
                                                                                                            48. The NGOs and voluntary organizations are important for a vibrant economy. However, their role has come under scanner in recent times. In this context, highlight the need for self-regulatory guidelines and transparency mechanisms to restore the credibility of these organizations.
                                                                                                            49. Government of India in recent past has focussed on reforming the public grievance redressal mechanisms, however their effectiveness remains limited. Discuss.
                                                                                                            50. While the welfare initiatives are needed for empowerment of people, the freebies culture is detrimental and cultivates a patron-client syndrome. Examine in context of governance in India.
                                                                                                            51. Examine how direct benefit transfers have changed the public service delivery in India.
                                                                                                            52. How has the faceless tax regime impacted direct taxes in India? What is the case for a similar system being implemented for GST?
                                                                                                            53. Evaluate the case for implementing a co-regulatory model for social media content moderation.
                                                                                                            54. Comment on the recent criticism of the Enforcement Directorate in India. What can be done to remove its shortcomings?
                                                                                                            55. Disclaimer: These questions have been written and answered by GKToday team over the period of time; and have included some previous years questions also. While every effort was made to ensure that these questions as well as their answers remain relevent and correct, it is possible, that some facts or context in some questions might have changed over time. GKToday does not assume and hereby disclaims any liability to any party for any loss, damage, or disruption caused by such change of facts or context in the questions and answers of this E-book.

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