GS-III: Government Budgeting


                                    This is a dynamic E-Book comprising the below UPSC Mains Model Questions as well as their answers written by GKToday team. The PDF E-Book can be instantly downloaded after payment. No Hadcopy is provided.
                                  1. Trace the evolution of Budget in India since East India Company rule.
                                  2. "Budget serves as a public policy document expressed in money and is an embodiment of implied policy objective in monetary terms."With this reference assess the role played by budget in economy.
                                  3. "Budget transparency and accountability are two of the eight basic indicators of good governance as propounded by United Nations."With this reference, critically discuss the principles followed in budgetary process in India.
                                  4. Elaborate the various stages of preparation of budget in India before it is presented in the parliament.
                                  5. "Open and participatory budget making is imperative for good governance; yet by international standards India fares badly on this count."Discuss critically.
                                  6. Assess the efforts by state and union towards Gender Budgeting while throwing light on its benefits.
                                  7. Differentiate between Zero Based Budgeting and Incremental Budgeting. Why they are not adopted now? Examine.
                                  8. The question of changing financial year in India {from April-March to January-December} has been considered several times in the past. What are pros and cons of this particular reform on Government Budgeting? Discuss explaining why governments so far did not favour any change in financial year.
                                  9. With respect to Government Budgeting in India, differentiate between (1) votes on account and votes of credit (2) Excess grant and Exceptional grant.
                                  10. Critically analyze the shortcomings of the budgetary approach to environmental protection in India while suggesting way forward.
                                  11. India does not have a Parliamentary Budget Office so far? What are different proposals towards this and how establishment of a Parliamentary Budget office can help? Discuss highlighting major issues.
                                  12. Critically discuss the significance of the Economic Survey findings on sex ratio of the last child (SRLC) and so called "son meta preference"and "unwanted girls"in India.
                                  13. The Economic Survey 2017-18 discusses about the so called "son meta-preference"prevailing among Indian parents. Throw light on the positive and negative implications of such phenomenon on demography.
                                  14. The government should use the cess proceeds and publish an annual account of how they have been spent. Examine.
                                  15. Discuss the options explored by the government to recoup loss from the proposed corporate tax cuts
                                  16. Examine the need of multi-year budgeting in the context of India.
                                  17. For making Public Finance Management effective, India needs to reengineer its present system and make a transition towards outcome-based budgeting. Analyze.
                                  18. Disclaimer: These questions have been written and answered by GKToday team over the period of time; and have included some previous years questions also. While every effort was made to ensure that these questions as well as their answers remain relevent and correct, it is possible, that some facts or context in some questions might have changed over time. GKToday does not assume and hereby disclaims any liability to any party for any loss, damage, or disruption caused by such change of facts or context in the questions and answers of this E-book.

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