GS-II: Functions and Responsibilities of the Union and the States


                                                                                  This is a dynamic E-Book comprising the below UPSC Mains Model Questions as well as their answers written by GKToday team. The PDF E-Book can be instantly downloaded after payment. No Hadcopy is provided.
                                                                                1. Discuss in detail the powers available to the Lok Sabha speaker and functions allotted to him to be performed.
                                                                                2. The 'Powers, Privileges and Immunities of Parliament and its Members' as envisaged in Article 105 of the Constitution leave room for a large number of un-codified and un-enumerated privileges to continue. Assess the reasons for the absence of legal codification of the 'parliamentary privileges'. How can this problem be addressed?
                                                                                3. Instances of President's delay in commuting death sentences has come under public debate as denial of justice. Should there be a time limit specified for the President to accept/reject such petitions? Analyse.
                                                                                4. What are the essential conditions of promulgating the ordinance with respect to President and Governors in India? How far in the present time the ordinance making power became a tool of bypassing the democratic procedure? Discuss with suitable examples.
                                                                                5. Explain the power of President of India with respect to his powers to withhold assent in case of Ordinary Bills, Money Bills and Constitution Amendment Bills.
                                                                                6. Except in the case of collective responsibility of the Council of Ministers and certain financial matters, Both Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha enjoy equal powers. Explain.
                                                                                7. What are the matters with respect to which a Bill needs a prior consent of the President before it is introduced in Parliament? Explain.
                                                                                8. What the importance of Leader of Opposition in the Indian polity? Enumerate the constitutional officers in India whose appointment require and don't require the concurrence from the Leader of Opposition.
                                                                                9. What are the main functions of the Chief Secretary? What are recent arguments against the post of Chief Secretary? Is this office now obsolete?
                                                                                10. Much controversy has been generated in modern times regarding Article 74 related to 'aid and advice' of the Council of Ministers (CoM) to President. Is the aid and advice of CoM binding on President? Discuss why and when this advice is binding or non-binding?
                                                                                11. Comment on the nature of Ordinance-making power of the President of India. What safeguards are there against possible misuse?
                                                                                12. Distinguish between Cabinet Secretariat and Prime Minister’s Secretariat. Which of these is more important?
                                                                                13. Give an account of the President�s rule in India. What are the conditions in which it can be applied in a state?
                                                                                14. Leader of opposition holds a place of immense importance. Discuss the significance of Leader of opposition.
                                                                                15. Kashmir Issue Takes Centre Stage In The US Congress
                                                                                16. The Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) is a non-constitutional body, still, it has wielded immense decision-making powers. Discuss the advantages and issues associated with it, in the context of India.
                                                                                17. The electoral Bond scheme is a step that will take away transparency and accountability from electoral funding. Critically analyze.
                                                                                18. Highlight the role played by the MPLAD scheme in creating community assets based on local needs. Also discuss the issues associated with it.
                                                                                19. The CBI is often cited as an example of the rising politicisation of public institutions. In this context, identify the issues associated with the CBI’s functioning. What steps can be taken to address these issues.
                                                                                20. The principal constraint for India is trying to find solutions to 21st century problems using 19th century government structures. Discuss.
                                                                                21. In India, both Centre and States have misused the provision of issuing ordinances, even though it amounts to seizing the legislative powers by the executive. Critically examine.
                                                                                22. In context of using discretionary powers, the scope for the governor is higher than that of the President of India. Comment.
                                                                                23. Explain the doctrine of neutrality and its significance in context of the constitutional offices in India.
                                                                                24. The local bodies remain subordinate to the respective state governments, despite being given the constitutional status as the third tier of the government. Analyse.
                                                                                25. The reforms and decision-making of government can be greatly improved and accelerated with the help of cabinet committees. Critically evaluate.
                                                                                26. It has been often argued that the Governor usually acts more as ‘an agent of the centre’ than as constitutional head of state. Critically analyse.
                                                                                27. The 103rd constitutional amendment act has been hailed as an important step towards meeting the objectives of social justice in India. Critically examine its relevance.
                                                                                28. Keeping in mind the role played by the states’ finances in affecting the macro-economic stability in India; highlight the issues with States' fiscal management in India.
                                                                                29. Discuss the reasons for poor public service delivery in India. Also, suggest ways to make public service delivery more efficient.
                                                                                30. The primary reason behind local self government institutions failing to fulfill their envisaged objectives is the attitude of state governments towards them. Discuss in the context of constitutional provisions and recent experience of the working of these institutions in India.
                                                                                31. Despite various laws to prevent criminalization of politics in India, the entry of people with criminal antecedents in politics is still prevalent. In the light of several judicial pronouncements related to this, suggest some remedial measures.
                                                                                32. Social auditing can be used as an efficient tool for addressing the monitoring and implementation bottlenecks in success of government schemes in India. Enumerate the steps that have been taken by the government recently in this regard.
                                                                                33. It is argued by some that the office of Governor needs to be abolished as it has outlived its relevance. Critically examine in the context of India.
                                                                                34. Highlighting the grievances of states towards centrally sponsored scheme, enumerate the steps taken by government to redress them.
                                                                                35. The Right to Information Act, 2005 has been diluted by the recent amendments and undermined the authority of information commissioners. Critically analyze.
                                                                                36. Highlighting the process of delimitation in India, throw some light on the debate surrounding it in India.
                                                                                37. Discuss the powers of the Governor with respect to the elected government in states. What are the challenges to the smooth functioning of this system?
                                                                                38. In the light of the looming fiscal crisis threatening the states, comment on the state government’s reliance on revenue from liquor and lotteries. How can the states boost their revenue inflow?
                                                                                39. Over the last 3 years, more than half the centrally sponsored schemes have been discontinued/ rationalized. Examine the impact of these measures.
                                                                                40. In light of the recent Supreme Court order upholding the 2014 amendments to the EPFO pension scheme, give an overview of this social security scheme. How is the apex court’s order expected to affect the pensions segment?
                                                                                41. Disclaimer: These questions have been written and answered by GKToday team over the period of time; and have included some previous years questions also. While every effort was made to ensure that these questions as well as their answers remain relevent and correct, it is possible, that some facts or context in some questions might have changed over time. GKToday does not assume and hereby disclaims any liability to any party for any loss, damage, or disruption caused by such change of facts or context in the questions and answers of this E-book.

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