GS-II: Devolution of Powers and Finances Up to Local Levels


                                                        This is a dynamic E-Book comprising the below UPSC Mains Model Questions as well as their answers written by GKToday team. The PDF E-Book can be instantly downloaded after payment. No Hadcopy is provided.
                                                      1. What is Social Audit? While keeping powers and mandate of Gram Sabha in focus, throw light on various steps in social audit process in local bodies in India.
                                                      2. Lack of adequate financial resources does not allow the local bodies discharge their responsibilities properly. In this context, examine the various problems faced in mobilization of resources by Panchayati Raj Institutions.
                                                      3. There has been almost a consensus that the task of identification of the poor should be transferred from bureaucracy to Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs). While analyzing pros and cons of this policy, examine if the methods such as Participatory Identification of Poor (PIP) should be extended beyond NRLM.
                                                      4. Present an overview of attitude of regional parties in India over centre-state relations.
                                                      5. Despite consistent efforts made by successive government rural development still seems to be a distant dream? Critically examine the challenges to rural development schemes at structural, functional and implementation level?
                                                      6. While keeping Rajasthan's Panchphal Yojana in focus, critically discuss how innovative solutions can augment resources and multi-dimensional benefits for panchayats?
                                                      7. The local self government system in India has not proved to be effective instrument of governance." Critically examine the statement and give your views to improve the situatio
                                                      8. While putting emphasis on contrasting political ideas of Mahatma Gandhi and B R Ambedkar's on Panchayati Raj Institutions, critically discuss why the Gandhian concept of "village republics" could not find a place in original constitution.
                                                      9. The rural-urban divide in India is stark when it comes to standards of living such as education, healthcare, sanitation and drinking water. To what extent, the anomaly in distribution of powers between centre and states is responsible for this? Analyze.
                                                      10. Do you agree with the fact that bringing of agriculture, rural development and even Panchayati Raj under one blanket ministry has been long overdue in India? Comment.
                                                      11. “The reservation of seats for women in the institutions of local self- government has had a limited impact on the patriarchal character of the Indian Political Process.” Comment
                                                      12. Case of empowering local bodies
                                                      13. The restriction on states’ operational freedom to function within their jurisdiction has resulted in lack of a conducive environment to promote cooperate federalism. Elucidate.
                                                      14. Assess the effectiveness of the SVAMITVA scheme in strengthening the Panchayati Raj framework in India.
                                                      15. Highlight the role played by the MPLAD scheme in creating community assets based on local needs. Also discuss the issues associated with it.
                                                      16. Adequately empowering the third tier of Indian federal structure is the key to strengthen federalism in India. Analyse.
                                                      17. Discuss, the evolution of fiscal federalism in India, in the light of developments in recent years.
                                                      18. Throw some light on the impact of Prime Minister’s Office acting as the most powerful office in the process of policymaking.
                                                      19. It has been often argued that the government of India is over-sized and it acts as a drag on the economic efficiency and growth. Critically evaluate.
                                                      20. The Panchayati Raj institutions (PRIs) have not been able to achieve the objectives for which they were given constitutional status even after 30 years. Enumerate the reasons behind the problem and suggest measures to tackle it.
                                                      21. The local bodies remain subordinate to the respective state governments, despite being given the constitutional status as the third tier of the government. Analyse.
                                                      22. The Aspirational District Programme not only mark a change in the policy focus from output to outcome but also from a top-down approach to a collaborative form of governance. Analyse.
                                                      23. Highlight the challenges associated with the implementation of the Panchayats (Extension to the Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996 and suggest measures to ensure its implementation in both letter and spirit.
                                                      24. Highlight the need to establish an effective and functional relationship between Gram Panchayats and Self Help Groups (SHGs). Also suggest some measures to achieve it.
                                                      25. The primary reason behind local self government institutions failing to fulfill their envisaged objectives is the attitude of state governments towards them. Discuss in the context of constitutional provisions and recent experience of the working of these institutions in India.
                                                      26. Delivery of public goods and services at the grassroot level has remained ineffective in India due to various issues faced by local self governance. Highlight the issues and suggest remedial measures.
                                                      27. Despite various reforms by the central and state governments to overhaul the urban local bodies (ULBs), several challenges remain with regard to their efficient functioning. Elucidate.
                                                      28. Disclaimer: These questions have been written and answered by GKToday team over the period of time; and have included some previous years questions also. While every effort was made to ensure that these questions as well as their answers remain relevent and correct, it is possible, that some facts or context in some questions might have changed over time. GKToday does not assume and hereby disclaims any liability to any party for any loss, damage, or disruption caused by such change of facts or context in the questions and answers of this E-book.

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