Macroeconomic and Monetary Developments: First Quarter Review 2009-10 (Main Points)
July 28, 2009: Reserve Bank of India Governor D. Subbarao has released the review and update on the monetary policy for the current fiscal Today.
- Bank Rate =6 % (No Change)
- Repo Rate = 4.75 % (No change)
- Reverse Repo Rate = 3.25 % (No change)
- Cash Reserve Ratio : 5 % (No Change )
- Statutory Liquidity Ratio = 24 % ( No change )
- Inflation : 5 % ( earlier forecast was 4 % )
- About Negative Inflation : It is just a statistical phenomena
- Growth Projects : 6 % plus
- Money Supply : may grow 18 % this fiscal
Some Noteworthy Points:
RBI announces its Monetary Policy every year and announces its reviews quarterly.
- According to the current available assessment of the IMF, the global economy is projected to contract by 1.4 per cent in 2009 and to expand by 2.5 per cent in 2010.
- However, the growth outlook of India and China for 2009, however, has been revised upwards by the IMF.
- The fourth Advance Estimates place the total food grain production during 2008-09 at a record 233.9 million tonnes.
- The core infrastructure sector grew by 4.8 per cent during the first quarter of 2009-10 as compared with 3.5 per cent growth during first quarter of 2008-09.
- This growth was basically due to acceleration in electricity, cement and coal.
- Index of Industrial Production (IIP) registered a growth at 1.9 per cent during April-May 2009 ( it regisstered a negative growth in 2008-09 in corresponding Quarter).
- The Union Budget for 2009-10, presented against the backdrop of persistent global economic slowdown and the associated dampened domestic demand, has placed the fiscal deficit at 6.8 per cent of GDP in 2009-10 with a view to providing the necessary boost to demand and thereby support a faster recovery.
- For last 8 months since October 2008 , exports as well as imports are contracting due to global recession. There was more decline in imports than exports and this has declined the merchandise trade deficit (April May )
- For the year as a whole, net capital flows fell from US$ 108.0 billion in 2007-08 to US$ 9.1 billion in 2008-09, while the current account deficit widened from 1.5 per cent of GDP to 2.6 per cent of GDP during the same period.
The impact of a severe external shock on India’s BoP was managed with a loss of reserves of only US$ 20.1 billion (net of valuation) without resorting to any extraordinary measures.
The WPI inflation, which was on a path of sharp decline from the high peak level of August 2008, turned negative in June 2009, and since then the negative inflation continues (-1.2 per cent as on July 11, 2009).
Notwithstanding the negative WPI inflation, food articles inflation (i.e. primary as well as manufactured) remains high at 8.9 per cent (as on July 11, 2009). Inflation as per Consumer Price Indices (CPIs) also continues at elevated levels (in the range of 8.6 per cent to 11.5 per cent for different consumer price indices in May/June 2009).