GK & Current Affairs : May 11, 12, 2015

1. Who is the chairman of the committee set to review Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) issues?
[A]U K Sinha
[B]Urjit Patel
[C]A P Shah
[D]H M Khan
Answer: A P Shah
To find a solution to the ongoing controversies over the applicability of minimum alternate tax (MAT) on foreign institutional investors (FIIs), the government has constituted a committee to review the issue. Justice A P Shah is the chairman of the committee. The Committee has been asked to give its recommendation of the specific issues of MAT on FIIs expeditiously.
2. Which one of the following has won United Nations Public Service Award 2015?
Answer: Nadia
West Bengal’s Nadia district has been declared the winner for the ‘2015 United Nations Public Service Award’. Nadia has been declared the First Place Winner for the 2015 United Nations Public Service Award in the category of ‘Improving the Delivery of Public Services’ for the initiative ‘Sabar Shouchagar’ (toilet for all). The “Sabar Souchagar” (toilet for all) project in West Bengal’s Nadia district, framed under the state’s Nirmal Bangla Mission and aimed at promoting cleanliness and sanitation in rural Bengal.
3. As per latest study, which amino acid can prevent formation of dental plaque?
Answer: Arginine
Arginine a common amino acid found in red meat, poultry, fish, and dairy products could prevent formation of dental plaque a study claims. L-arginine is already used in dental products for tooth sensitivity. Dental plaque is a biofilm account for more than 50 percent of all hospital infections. Dental biofilms are the culprits in the formation of dental caries (cavities), gingivitis, and periodontal disease
4. According to latest Lion census, what is the number of Gir lions in India?
Answer: 523
According to results of the 14th lion census, there are 523 Asiatic lions in Gir forest, other protected areas and revenue areas in Junagadh, Gir Somnath, Amreli and Bhavnagar districts of Saurashtra region of Gujarat. This means the lion population has increased by 112 as compared to the figure of 411 counted in 2010. According to 2015 census, there are 109 male, 201 female and 213 sub-adult (lion cubs below the age of three years) lions in the wilderness of these four districts. These numbers were 97, 162 and 152 respectively in year 2010. This is the only wild population of Asiatic lions in the world and International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), a world body working for conservation of nature and wildlife has categorised the species as endagered.
5. Which country topped the Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index (TTCI) 2015?
Answer: Spain
Spain has been ranked number one in the Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index (TTCI). Spain is followed by France, Germany, US, UK, Switzerland, Australia, Italy, Japan and Canada in the top ten. India has moved up 13 notches to 52nd position on a global list of countries in terms of their travel and tourism, competitiveness, but ranks worse than its emerging market peers like China, Brazil, Russia and South Africa. In the Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index, (TTCI) 2013 India was ranked 65th out of 140 countries covered in its study. The 2015 report ranks 141 countries across 14 separate dimensions, revealing, how well countries could deliver sustainable economic and societal benefits through their travel and tourism sector.
6. Who among the following has authored the book titled “A House of Mr Biswas”?
[A]V S Naipaul
[B]Salman Rushdie
[C]Arundathi Roy
[D]Kiran Desai
Answer: V S Naipaul
A House for Mr Biswas is a novel by V. S. Naipaul. It is consider as one of the finest art work in the 20th century. In 1998, the Modern Library ranked A House for Mr Biswas number 72 on its list of the 100 best English-language novels of the 20th century. Time magazine included the novel in its TIME 100 Best English-language Novels from 1923 to 2005.
7. The World Health Organisation (WHO) declares a country free of Ebola if no new case is reported for __:
[A]23 days
[B]35 days
[C]42 days
[D]52 days
Answer: 42 days
The World Health Organisation (WHO) declares a country free of virus 42 days without a new case reported. Recently, WHO has declared Liberia is Ebola free country. The last ebola case in Liberia was reported on March 27.
8. Which country is home to the world’s largest Rhino population?
[B]South Africa
Answer: South Africa
South Africa has world’s largest Rhino population. The African rhino is divided into two species, the black rhino and the white rhino. White rhinos mainly live in South Africa, but they have also been reintroduced to Botswana, Namibia, Swaziland, and Zimbabwe. The majority of the black rhino population—98%—is concentrated in four countries: South Africa, Namibia, Zimbabwe, and Kenya. South Africa houses 40% of the total black rhino population.
9. Punjab Brown is a popular breed of ___?
Answer: Chicken
Punjab Brown is a famous breed of Chicken. The Birds of the Punjab Brown breed are found in rural areas of Punjab and Haryana. They are used for both meat and egg production. In Punjab, these birds are maintained by progressive farmers as well as by poor families. While the former keep the birds for home consumption, the latter sell live birds/chicks and eggs as part of their livelihood. In Haryana, birds are generally maintained as a cash reserve by a few low-income families located in one part of the village.
10. In which country Katas Raj temple is located?

Katasraj is a Hindu temple located in the Chakwal district of Punjab in Pakistan. The temple is dedicated to Shiva. According to Hindu mythology the temple exist since the days of Mahabharata and the Pandava brothers spent substantial part of their exile at the site and later Krishna himself laid the foundation of this temple and established his hand made Shiv ling in it.

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