Federated Digital Identities
The Ministry of Electronics and IT has introduced the “Federated Digital Identities”. It aims to inter link the multiple identities of Indian citizens. For instance, the digital IDs like Aadhaar, Passport and PAN are inter linked and stored under a new unique ID.
About the Federated Digital Identities
The state and central identities of the citizens will now be stored under this new federal digital identity. The citizens can avail their third party services through this ID. This will eliminate the need for repeated verification process.
Need for Federal Digital Identities
Aadhaar has answered the question, “Who I am?” However, it is essential to figure out the other identities of the citizens. This includes students, farmers, entrepreneurs, teachers, pharmacists, doctors, pensioner, vehicle owners and others. This identity is of utmost importance to frame policies and weigh the capacities. The main aims of the Federal Digital Identities is to minimise the number of identities, a citizen has.
How does Federal Digital Identities work?
It links the electronic registries and allows easy paperless data verification. When an individual is registered under the Public Distribution Scheme, he is identified through his Aadhaar. When the person gets PAN then Aadhaar is the linking ID. When the same person opens mutual fund, then PAN is the linking ID. By this, the person is linked to PDS, Aadhaar, PAN and mutual fund. Now a new number is created in common for all the four.
Part of IndEA 2.0
The proposal of Federated Digital Identities is a part of the ministry’s India Enterprise Architecture 2.0. The IndEA was launched in 2017. It aims to establish Unity in Diversity in E – Governance. It aims to deliver governance with optimal use of ICT infrastructure. The 2.0 version enables the public and private companies to build and design IT architecture beyond boundaries. This version focuses on domain architecture pattern and state architecture pattern.