History of Medieval India

Medieval Indian History

May 31, 2011

Rise of Afghans & Third Battle of Panipat

In June 1747 Ahamad Shah Durrani or Ahamad Shah Abdali rose to power and established the Durrani Empire in Afghanistan. He crossed Indus river in 1748 and annexed Lahore.

May 31, 2011

Balaji Baji Rao

Balaji Baji Rao Balaji Bajirao is better known with the name of Nanasaheb Peshwa. During his time, Pune became the cradle of Maratha Power. When Sahuji died in 1749,

May 31, 2011

Baji Rao I

Baji Rao I Baji Rao-I is the most popular among the 9 Peshwas of Marathas and the Maratha power was on its zenith during his time. It was Baji

May 31, 2011

Balaji Vishwanath

Balaji Vishwanath: The First Peshva Balaji Vishwanath, a Brahmin was the first in the line of the hereditary Peshwas or Prime Ministers. In 18th century the Peshwas became the

May 31, 2011

Marathas after Shivaji

After Shivaji Shivaji, the great captain had died but the spirit lived in his “Swarajya”. Aurangzeb had seen the perils of the Guerilla warfare and had realized that it

May 31, 2011

Ashta Pradan

Ashta Pradan The eight prominent officials of Marathas were known as Ashta Pradhan. They were as follows: Peshva (Prime Minister) Amatya or Mazumdar (Finance Minister) Waqia-Navis (like a home

May 31, 2011

Chauth and Sardeshmukhi

Chauth and Sardeshmukhi: Literally, Chauth is now known as extortion. Shivaji had raided from Surat to Madras and had divided the entire area into two parts. The area within

May 31, 2011

Extraordinary Career and End of Shivaji

Extraordinary Career and End of Shivaji The territories of Bijapur were attacked by Shivaji at will, but his ambitions led him to turn his attention to the Mughal territory

May 31, 2011

Battle of Pratapgarh

Battle of Pratapgarh 1656 For next 5 years Shivaji kept quiet, gathering the forces. In 1656 he started his campaign again and captured Kalyan, Bhiwandi etc. This time Adil

May 31, 2011


Chhatrapati Shivaji : Born 1630 – Died 1680. Shivaji was just 12 years younger than his number one rival Aurangzeb. His father had laid the foundation of the Maratha