Key Problems of Fisheries Sector in India

The main critical gaps / challenges for fisheries development in India include the following:

  • Lack of a reliable database relating to aquatic and fisheries resources
  • Limited number of species grown / cultured, mainly due to weak linkages between research and development and fish farmers community.
  • Weak multi-disciplinary approach in fisheries and aquaculture
  • Inadequate attention to the environmental, economical, social and gender issues in fisheries and aquaculture,
  • Inadequate HRD and specialized manpower in different disciplines.
  • Weak marketing and extension network
  • Decline in fish catch and depletion of natural resources due to over exploitation of coastal fisheries.
  • Water pollution; unscientific management of aquaculture and contamination of indigenous germplasm resources.
  • Poor yield optimization, problems in harvest and post-harvest operations, landing and berthing facilities for fishing vessels and issues in welfare of fishermen.

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