GK & Current Affairs: October 2-3, 2016

1.

What is the theme of 2016 United Nations’ (UN) International day of Older Persons?
[A]Longevity: Shaping the Future
[B]Take A Stand Against Ageism
[C]The Growing Opportunities & Challenges of Global Ageing
[D]Leaving No One Behind: Promoting a Society for All

Take A Stand Against Ageism
The United Nations’ (UN) International day of Older Persons is observed every year on October 1 to raise awareness about issues affecting the elderly and to appreciate the contributions that older people make to society.The 2016 theme is “Take a Stand Against Ageism”.

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2.

The powerful Typhoon Chaba is expected to hit which of the following countries?
[A]Japan
[B]New Zealand
[C]United States
[D]United Kingdom

Japan
The very strong Typhoon Chaba is expected to hit the southern islands of Japan, with a speed of 290 km/ hr. The typhoon is likely to threaten lives and bring damage to property across the Ryukyu Islands and mainland Japan.

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3.

Who will be the chief guest for the 2016 Republic Day of India?
[A]Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan
[B]Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum
[C]Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan
[D]Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan

Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan
Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, the crown prince of Abu Dhabi, will be the chief guest for the 68th Republic Day celebrations of India on January 26, 2017.

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4.

Which Indian-American professor has been named as the 2016 class of the “Jerger Future Leaders of Audiology” by the American Academy of Audiology?
[A]Vinaya Manchaiah
[B]Madhumitha Kumari
[C]Nidhi Sharma
[D]Nishant Prakash

Vinaya Manchaiah
Dr. Vinaya Manchaiah, an Indian-American associate professor at Lamar University in Texas, has been named as the 2016 class of the “Jerger Future Leaders of Audiology” by the American Academy of Audiology. The American Academy of Audiology is the world’s largest professional organization of audiologists. The members look to provide hearing care services through education, research, and increased public awareness of hearing and balance disorders. Audiology is a branch of science that studies hearing, balance and related disorders.

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5.

Which short film has won the first prize at the Swachh Bharat Short Film Festival (SBSFF)?
[A]Chembuku Moodindi
[B]Murga
[C]Sarkarmi Rati Wadho
[D]Nahna Doot

Murga
The short film “Murga”, which was directed by young filmmaker Katyayan Shivpuri from Maharashtra, has won the first prize at the Swachh Bharat Short Film Festival (SBSFF). The short film promotes the idea of clean India in which “Murga” as the metaphor depicts the victims that citizens have made of themselves and of the children by not keeping the surroundings clean. Minister of Information and Broadcasting, M Venkaiah Naidu awarded Katyayan with a certificate and a cash prize of Rs 10 lakh.

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6.

Who has won the 2016 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine?
[A]Shinya Yamanaka
[B]Youyou Tu
[C]Yoshinori Ohsumi
[D]Christian de Duve

Yoshinori Ohsumi
The Japanese scientist, Dr. Yoshinori Ohsumi has won the 2016 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his discoveries of mechanisms for autophagy, a fundamental process for degrading and recycling cellular components. Dr Ohsumi’s work is important because it helps to explain what goes wrong in a range of illnesses, from cancer to Parkinson’s. The prize was awarded by the Nobel Assembly at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden.

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7.

Who has been appointed as the full-time member of 21st Law Commission of India?
[A]Abhay Bhardwaj
[B]A P Shah
[C]S Sivakumar
[D]Abhay Bhardwaj

S Sivakumar
Prof. S Sivakumar, a professor at the Indian Law Institute in New Delhi, has been appointed as the full-time Member of the 21st Law Commission of India (LCI). The 21st LCT was constituted by the Union Government for a period of 3 years from September 1, 2015 and will have its tenure only till August 31, 2018. The present Law Commission has not submitted any report till date. Justice Balbir Singh Chauhan, the former Supreme Court (SC) judge, is the Chairman of the commission.

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8.

The World Vegetarian Day (WVD) is observed on which date?
[A]October 7
[B]October 3
[C]October 4
[D]October 1

October 1
The World Vegetarian Day (WVD) is observed every year on October 1 to promote the joy, compassion and life-enhancing possibilities of vegetarianism.

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9.

Which country’s currency has officially joined elite Club of International Monetary Fund (IMF) reserve currencies?
[A]Dinar
[B]Ruble
[C]Yuan
[D]Rupee

Yuan
The Chinese currency “Yuan” has officially become a member of the International Monetary Fund (IMF)’s basket of global reserve currencies. With this, yuan has joined the U.S. dollar, the euro, the yen and British pound in the IMF’s Special Drawing Rights (SDR) basket, which determines currencies that countries can receive as part of IMF loans. The yuan is the first to be added to SDR since the euro in 1999. China will use this opportunity to further deepen economic reforms and open up the sector to promote global growth.

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10.

The book “Far and Away:Reporting From the Brink of Change” has been authored by whom?
[A]Steve Donoghue
[B]Salman Rushdie
[C]Andrew Solomon
[D]Joshua Hammer

Andrew Solomon
The book “Far and Away:Reporting From the Brink of Change” has been authored by Andrew Solomon. It is a big, sumptuous collection of those pieces of reportage and travel writing. It is inspired by love, uncertainty about home and a celebration of freedom which valuably warns that freedom must sometimes be learned.

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