40th Indian Scientific Expedition to Antarctica

The Government of India recently launched the 40th Indian Scientific Expedition to Antarctica.

Which ministry launched the Indian scientific expedition to Antarctica?

Ministry of Earth science.

 Which vessel has been deployed for the 40th Indian scientific expedition to Antarctica?

Ice class vessel MV Vasiliy Golovin.

 What are the main objectives of the 40th Indian scientific expedition to Antarctica?

The expectation will e take a team of 40 members to Antarctica and return by April 2021. XL Indian Antarctica expedition has been Limited due to existing challenges of covid-19. It will mainly focus on ongoing scientific projects on ocean observations, climate change, electric and magnetic flux measurements, geology, Re supplying of food, environmental monitoring, fuel, and accomplish the return of the winter crew.

When did the Indian scientific expedition to Antarctica begin?

1981.

What is the name of the Indian Research base stations in Antarctica?

Dakshin Gangotri, Bharti, Maitri.

What is the role of Dakshin Gangotri in Antarctica?

It was the first permanent settlement of India built in 1983. It was excavated in 1989 and is being used as supply base and transit camp .

What is the role of Maitri?

It was the second permanent settlement of India in Antarctica. The station is located close to Lake Priyadarshini. It accomplished the mission of geomorphological mapping of Schirmacher Oasis.

What is the role of Bharti ?

It was established in 2015. It will collect evidence of Continental break up to reveal the 120-million-year-old Ancient History of Indian subcontinent.

Who manages the Indian research base stations in Antarctica?

National Centre for polar and ocean research located in Goa.

Is India a signatory to Antarctic treaty?

Yes. The Indian Antarctic program was launched in 1981 after India signed the Antarctic treaty .

 What is Antarctic treaty?

The Treaty was signed in 1961. Currently there are 54 signatories to the Treaty. It is an arms control Treaty signed during cold war.

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