The Shimla agreement 1972 and Lahore declaration 1999 are two important events in the history of Indian subcontinent that have far reaching impacts. Analyse.The Shimla agreement 1972 and Lahore declaration 1999 are two important events in the history of Indian subcontinent that have far reaching impacts. Analyse.

The Shimla agreement 1972 was signed between India and Pakistan after Bangladesh Liberation war, 1971. Lahore declaration 1999 was signed in aftermath of emergence of two nuclear nations in the subcontinent.

Importance of Shimla agreement:

  • Created new country Bangladesh from Eastern Pakistan.
  • Line of Control declared which continues to remain.
  • Bilateral dialogue was envisaged as means of dispute resolution.
  • Pakistan’s surrender led to a key strategic gain for India.
  • A harmonious and friendly relationship was to be borne out of it, although this failed due to Kashmir issue.

Importance of Lahore declaration 1999:

  • Tried to reduce high tempo build-up after nuclear states of India and Pakistan agreed to avoid nuclear war.
  • Principle of peaceful coexistence envisaged.
  • Shimla agreement’s spirit was to be followed.
  • Moving towards development and avoiding conflict through dialogue.

Both these are repeated time and again in context of subcontinent issue and remain guiding light in darkness of relationship the two countries posses.

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