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Import Substitution

Import substitution is an aggressive economic policy employed by emerging economies to promote domestic production and self-sufficiency in many sectors. It is also seen as a means to reduce dependency on developed nations. IS seeks to provide added protection to domestic industries via tariffs, import quotas, government loans at subsidised rates of interest. This encourages […]

Challenges to the defence procurement

India is having the 3rd largest armed forces of the world, with an annual budget of US$ 38 billion and 40% of this is used for capital acquisition. In the next 7-8 years this budget would be increased to around US$ 130 billion for modernization of armed force. The high domestic demands and its dependency […]