Environment & Biodiversity Current Affairs MCQs
41. ‘Verein KlimaSeniorinnen Schweiz and Others v. Switzerland’ is a famous case related to which field?
[A] Greenhouse gas emissions
Correct Answer: A [Greenhouse gas emissions]
Verein KlimaSeniorinnen Schweiz and Others v. Switzerland is the case that set a precedent for all 46 states of the Council of Europe to decide to what extent a country must reduce its greenhouse gas emissions to protect the human rights of its citizens.
This development comes days after the release of the Sixth Synthesis Report of the IPCC.
42. ‘Chengodumalaensis’ which was recently discovered, belong to which species?
Correct Answer: A [Gecko]
‘Coastal Kerala Geckoella’ is a newly discovered species of ground-dwelling gecko. It is endemic to the low hills and coastal forest in northern Kerala.
Chengodumalaensis is a small, nocturnal species that is found on the ground among leaf litter and rocks in forests. Scientists have discovered the new species of ground-dwelling gecko, from the coastal forests of northern Kerala.
43. Izu-Ogasawara Trench is located in which ocean?
[A] Atlantic Ocean
[B] Pacific Ocean
[C] Arctic Ocean
[D] Antarctic Ocean
Correct Answer: B [Pacific Ocean]
The Izu–Ogasawara Trench is an oceanic trench in the western Pacific Ocean. Recently, scientists have set a record for the deepest fish ever caught on camera and the deepest catch ever made.
A juvenile snail fish was filmed recently swimming at 8,336 m in the Izu-Ogasawara Trench.
44. ‘Capulopsyche keralensis’, which was recently discovered in Kerala, belongs to which species?
Correct Answer: B [Moth]
A new genus and species of bagworm moth Capulopsyche keralensis has been discovered from the coffee plantations of Kerala.
Researchers have discovered the new species of bagworm moth, from Idukki district and Palakkad district.
45. What is ‘Cycas pectinate’ that was seen in the news recently?
Correct Answer: A [Plant]
Cycas pectinate is a plant species of Genus Cycas which is the found in the north-eastern part of India, Nepal, Bhutan, South China etc. It is the only ‘Cycas’ species found in Bhutan.
It usually grows at an elevation of 300 m to 1200 m and in difficult terrains. A new study has found that this vulnerable species is threatened in the Himalayan country due to habitat loss and its overcollection as an ornamental plant.
46. ‘Piarosoma arunachalensis’, which was recently discovered, belongs to which species?
Correct Answer: A [Moth]
Piarosoma arunachalensis is a new species of moth found at the Tale Wildlife Sanctuary in Arunachal Pradesh.
This discovery records the first-time spotting of a species belonging to the Piarosoma genus in India and it is the 12th species across the world.
47. Which tribe is playing a major role in ‘Protect Hornbills Project’?
[A] Nyishi Tribe
[B] Baiga Tribe
[C] Bodo Tribe
[D] Bhil Tribe
Correct Answer: A [Nyishi Tribe]
Protect Hornbills Project is a community-driven project aimed at conserving hornbills. Nyishi Tribe is playing a major role in this initiative.
Hornbill Nest Adoption Program (HNAP), a community-based hornbill conservation programme, was started in 2012. HNAP operates in the forests outside Arunachal Pradesh’s Pakke Tiger Reserve.
48. What is ‘Cordyceps Sinensis’?
Correct Answer: B [Fungus]
Cordyceps Sinensis, locally called yarchagumba, is a parasitic fungus that grows on the body of a caterpillar.
It is harvested by villagers in Nepal and Tibet to be sold in neighbouring China, where it is used in herbal medicines.
49. Sathyabhama Das Biju, who was seen in the news, is associated with which profession?
[A] Sports Person
Correct Answer: B [Biologist]
Sathyabhama Das Biju, who is popularly known as ‘the Frogman of India’, has been chosen for Harvard University’s prestigious Radcliffe fellowship.
The Delhi University professor is one of the 50 scholars who were awarded the Harvard Radcliffe Institute Fellowship for 2023-24.
50. Where is the ‘Rajaji Tiger Reserve’ located in India?
[C] Madhya Pradesh
Correct Answer: B [Uttarakhand]
Rajaji Tiger Reserve is situated in Uttarakhand. A tigress that was relocated from the woodland region of Corbett Tiger Reserve was released within the Motichur forest area of Rajaji Tiger Reserve.
A female and another male were translocated to Rajaji from Corbett in December 2020 and January 2021, respectively.
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