Environment & Biodiversity Current Affairs MCQs
31. Nocticola pheromosa, which was recently discovered, belongs to which species?
Correct Answer: C [Cockroach]
Nocticola pheromosa is a newly discovered species of cockroach found in a nature reserve in Singapore.
The cockroach, named after a cockroach-like Pokémon called Pheromosa, was identified through a series of analysis. This marks the first time a cockroach from the Nocticola genus has been found in Singapore, and it joins 22 other species from its genus found across tropical regions.
32. ‘Foot & Mouth Disease’ is a major disease which affects which species?
Correct Answer: B [Livestock]
Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) is a major disease affecting livestock that has a significant economic impact.
The Indian government recently announced that, under the second round of the FMD vaccination drive, around 24 crore cattle and buffalo in India have been covered out of the targeted population of 25.8 crore cattle.
33. Thanthai Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary is situated at which state/UT?
[A] Tamil Nadu
[C] West Bengal
Correct Answer: A [Tamil Nadu]
The Tamil Nadu government has decided to notify Thanthai Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary. It is the 18thwildlife sanctuary in the state.
The Sanctuary will span 80,567 hectares in Erode district and will be the 18th Wildlife Sanctuary in the State.
34. ‘Gaj Utsav 2023’ will be organized by the Indian Government to mark 30-year celebration of which project?
[A] Project Tiger
[B] Project Elephant
[C] Project Lion
[D] Project Great Indian Bustard
Correct Answer: B [Project Elephant]
Gaj Utsav 2023 will be organized by the Indian Government to mark 30-year celebration of Project Elephant. It will be inaugurated by President of India on April 7.
Gaj Utsav 2023 will be held at Kaziranga National Park by the Union Ministry of Environment and Forest.
35. Mukundra Hills Tiger Reserve is located in which state/UT?
[B] Uttar Pradesh
[C] Madhya Pradesh
Correct Answer: A [Rajasthan]
Mukundra Hills Tiger Reserve is situated in Rajasthan. One tigress will be introduced into this protected land.
After Ranthambhore and Sariska, Mukundara Hills Tiger Reserve was declared as the 3rd sanctuary of the state.
36. Kota was the last New Guinea singing dog of which country?
Correct Answer: A [UK]
New Guinea singing dog is a species found in New Guinea Highlands. UK’s last New Guinea singing dog, named Kota, recently died in Exmoor Zoological Park.
The singing dog has died at the age of 15. The dogs get their name from their unique howl, which has been compared to both the song of the humpback whale and a yodel.
37. ‘Chengodumalaensis’ which was recently discovered, belong to which species?
Correct Answer: A [Gecko]
‘Coastal Kerala Geckoella’ is a newly discovered species of ground-dwelling gecko. It is endemic to the low hills and coastal forest in northern Kerala.
Chengodumalaensis is a small, nocturnal species that is found on the ground among leaf litter and rocks in forests. Scientists have discovered the new species of ground-dwelling gecko, from the coastal forests of northern Kerala.
38. ‘Capulopsyche keralensis’, which was recently discovered in Kerala, belongs to which species?
Correct Answer: B [Moth]
A new genus and species of bagworm moth Capulopsyche keralensis has been discovered from the coffee plantations of Kerala.
Researchers have discovered the new species of bagworm moth, from Idukki district and Palakkad district.
39. ‘Siren sphagnicola’ which was discovered recently, looks like which species?
Correct Answer: B [Eel]
Siren sphagnicola is a newly discovered species of Siren. Sirens are elongated eel-like aquatic salamanders.
The species was found in the seepage areas in the eastern Gulf Coastal Plain of the US. One of these species, Siren reticulata, was recently described.
40. As per the 5th Cycle of India’s Tiger Census, how many tigers are in India, as of 2023?
Correct Answer: C 
The 5th Cycle of India’s Tiger Census was released recently by Prime Minister Modi. This census revealed that India’s tiger population stands at 3,167 in the wild.
This figure is 200 more than it had four years ago. India is estimated to have more than 70% of the world’s tigers.
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