Current Affairs Quiz - February, 2023
41. What is the expansion of ‘ecDNA’, which are recently found by the scientists as helping agents for cancer to spread?
[A] existential DNA
[B] extrachromosomal DNA
[C] evolutional DNA
[D] extra-resistant DNA
Correct Answer: B [extrachromosomal DNA]
Scientists have found small pieces of DNA known as extrachromosomal DNA (ecDNA) that help cancer to spread.
The discovery was made by a team of researchers working on the Cancer Grand Challenges initiative. These small pieces of genetic material, also known as oncogenes, can make cancer cells more resistant to current cancer treatments.
42. Which institution released the ‘Global Security Outlook Report 2023’?
[A] World Bank
[B] NITI Aayog
[C] World Economic Forum
[D] International Monetary Fund
Correct Answer: C [World Economic Forum]
World Economic Forum (WEF) recently released the ‘Global Security Outlook Report 2023’ in collaboration with Accenture.
It warned that the cyber-attacks are expected to cause an unprecedented threat in the coming 2 years. The report also predicts catastrophic cyber events mainly due to the present geopolitical instability.
43. ‘Rio Carnival’ is an annual festival observed in which country?
Correct Answer: B [Brazil]
Rio Carnival is an annual festival that takes place before Lint (a period of abstinence for Christians). The festival is observed in Brazil.
Over 40 million people attended the event. During this period, Christians give up certain items and activities to resist personal temptations and reaffirm their spiritual commitments. Rio Carnival commences a week before the Ash Wednesday, which is the first day of Lint. It will mark the end of the Rio Carnival.
44. Which country ranks first in AI skill penetration and talent concentration, as per the recent NASSCOM report?
Correct Answer: B [India]
According to a recently published NASSCOM report, India ranks first in AI skill penetration and talent concentration and fifth in AI scientific publications.
The report states that tech talent in India is three times more likely to have AI skills than in other countries. India’s AI skills Penetration Factor leads all countries across education, finance, hardware and networking, manufacturing, software and IT services.
45. ULTRASAT, is the first telescope mission of which country?
Correct Answer: B [Israel]
ULTRASAT, Israel’s first telescope mission, is set to be launched into a geostationary orbit in early 2026 through a partnership between NASA and the Israel Space Agency.
The ultra-violet observatory will focus on observing short-duration space events such as supernovae and the merging of neutron stars, utilizing its wide field of view to quickly capture ultraviolet light from such sources.
46. Agasthiyamalai Elephant Reserve, which was seen in the news, is located in which state/UT?
[B] Tamil Nadu
[D] Madhya Pradesh
Correct Answer: B [Tamil Nadu]
Agasthiyamalai Elephant Reserve is the fifth elephant reserve in Tamil Nadu. It is situated close to the Kalakad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve (KMTR).
The Tamil Nadu government has recently issued an order to establish a biodiversity museum and a conservation center with eco-park in the Agasthiyamalai Elephant Reserve. It will be funded by the Tamil Nadu Pollution Control Board.
47. Which country recently ratified the country’s entry into the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP)?
[D] Sri Lanka
Correct Answer: C [Philippines]
The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) is a free trade agreement between 15 countries in the Asia-Pacific region.
The Philippines Senate recently ratified the country’s entry into the RCEP. The RCEP, which was signed in 2020, represents the largest trade bloc in history. RCEP aims to increase economic integration and reduce trade barriers among its member nations.
48. The Union Cabinet approved the air services agreement between India and which country?
[D] South Africa
Correct Answer: C [Guyana]
The India-Guyana air services agreement has been approved by the Union Cabinet recently. The agreement will enable flight services between the two countries.
According to the 2012 census, Indians comprise about 40 per cent of the population in Guyana. Both India and Guyana are signatories to the Convention on International Civil Aviation. India has air services agreements with around 110 countries.
49. ‘Barisu Kannada Dim Dimava’ Cultural Festival was inaugurated in which state/UT?
[A] New Delhi
Correct Answer: A [New Delhi]
The ‘Barisu Kannada Dim Dimava’ cultural festival will be inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in Delhi.
The festival is part of the ‘Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat’ initiative of the Indian Government. The ‘Barisu Kannada Dim Dimava’ cultural festival celebrates the cultural heritage of Karnataka. It is organized under the Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav. This festival will feature various art forms from Karnataka such as dance, music, drama, poetry etc.
50. ‘Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGT)’ is a division of which institution?
[A] International Monetary Fund
[B] World Bank
[C] World Economic Forum
[D] Asian Development Bank
Correct Answer: A [International Monetary Fund]
The Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) is a division of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) that provides financial assistance to the world’s most impoverished countries.
It was established in 1999, to replace the Enhanced Structural Adjustment Facility. The IMF recently sought urgent action from the international community to strengthen the global financial architecture, including global financial safety net and the debt resolution.
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