Quiz 618: Current General Studies for Civil Services Examination

1. Consider the following statements about a tribe in war-torn Libya:
1. This tribe is estimated to be Libya’s largest tribe with up to one million of the total population of about 6 million people
2. It is considered to be one of the pillars of Muammar Gaddafi’s rule, dominating the security services and the ranks of the military
3. The role of this tribe was crucial in a coup against Gadaffi in 1990s
Identify the tribe from the given options:
[A]Gaddafa
[B]Magarha
[C]Warfalla
[D]Tuareg

Warfalla
Warfalla, is estimated to be Libya’s largest tribe with up to one million of the total population of about 6 million people. The Warfalla historically inhabited the area bounded by the towns of Bani Walid, Sirte, Sabha, and Benghazi. The Warfalla, together with the Gaddafa and the Magarha, were traditionally considered the pillars of Gaddafi’s rule, dominating the security services and the ranks of the military. In the case of the Warfalla, however, this support has been inconsistent, most notably in the mounting of a coup attempt by Warfalla members of Gaddafi’s government in 1993, as a result of their rivalry with the Magarha for top positions within the government. The failure of the coup attempt to overthrow Gaddafi resulted in a temporary decline of Warfalla influence in the Libyan power structure, as many leading members were purged and eventually executed. Akram al-Warfelli, a leading figure of the tribe, called for Gaddafi to stand down in late February 2011. In late May, over 100 tribal leaders, most of them Warfalla, met to call for an end to the fighting in Libya and the removal of Gaddafi.


2. Kerogen oil has been recently in news. What is Kerogen oil?
[A]Its an unconventional oil produced from the pyrolysis, hydrogenation, or thermal dissolution of Oil Shales
[B]Its a light crude oil contained in petroleum-bearing formations of shales
[C]Its an unconventional oil produced from the pyrolysis, hydrogenation, or thermal dissolution of environmental wastes
[D]It’s a new form of vegetable oil prepared artificially in laboratory

Its an unconventional oil produced from the pyrolysis, hydrogenation, or thermal dissolution of Oil Shales


3. In the first half of 2011, ONGC discovered India’s first shale gas reserve in which among the following states?
[A]Assam
[B]Gujarat
[C]West Bengal
[D]Maharastra

West Bengal
In January 2011,India’s biggest energy explorer Oil & Natural Gas Corporation ONGC has discovered the country’s first shale gas reserve at Durgapur in Burdwan district of West Bengal. The gas reserve spread over 12,000 square km in the Durgapur-Ranigunj area – is the world’s third shale gas find. As per the initial studies, many shale sequences in well explored basins are found to be promising like Damodar, Cambay, and Krishna Godavari and Cauvery basins. The potentiality of these basins was also vetted by international experts


4. Consider the following statements about IMF:
1. All members of International Monetary Fund are also members of International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD)
2. IMF lends only to member countries
Which among the above statements is/ are correct ?
[A]Only 1 is correct
[B]Only 2 is correct
[C]Both 1 & 2 are correct
[D]Neither 1 nor 2 is correct

Both 1 & 2 are correct
Both 1 & 2 are correct statements in this question.


5. Consider the following:
1. Turkey
2. Iraq
3. Iran
4. Syria
The so called Kurdistan is considered to be a part of which among the above?
[A]1 2, & 3
[B]1, 2, 3 & 4
[C]1 & 2
[D]1, 3 & 4

1, 2, 3 & 4
The Kurds live mainly in Turkey, Iran and Iraq and probably number about 25-35 million worldwide. They are the most important ethnic group without a state of their own. They are mostly Sunni Muslims and have their own languages. About 15 million Kurds live in Turkey, 6 million in Iran, 5 million in Iraq and up to 1.5 million in Syria. Fewer Kurds live in former Soviet republics and in Lebanon. Kurdistan is a roughly defined geo-cultural region comprising parts of eastern Turkey (Turkish Kurdistan), northern Iraq (Iraqi Kurdistan), north-western Iran (Iranian Kurdistan) and northern Syria inhabited mainly by Kurds. Out of them, only Iraqi Kurdistan province is autonomous. Some Kurdish organizations seek to create an independent nation state of Kurdistan, consisting of some or all of the areas with Kurdish majority, while others campaign for greater Kurdish autonomy within the existing national boundaries.


6. Consider the following:
1. Granting patents
2. Prevention of Wrong patents
3. Providing a diagnostic or usage database for Vaidyas, Hakims and practitioners of Traditional medicines in India
Which among the above are the functions of Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL) set up by Government of India?
[A]1 & 2
[B]Only 2
[C]1 & 3
[D]1, 2 & 3

Only 2
TKDL does not grant patents. It also does not provide the diagnostic or usage database for Vaidyas, Hakims and practitioners of Traditional medicines in
India. Kindly visit the TKDL website and surf all its pages.


7. Which among the following organizations have developed the “Network Abhigham Niyanthran” in 2010?
[A]Centre for Development of Advanced Computing
[B]National Informatics Centre
[C]Tata Institute of Fundamental Research
[D]Centre for Development of Telematics

Centre for Development of Advanced Computing
Taking into consideration the intensity of cyber attacks and threats of data theft, the Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (CDAC) here has developed new software — ‘NAYAN,’ ‘USB Pratirodh,’ and ‘Malware Resist’— “keeping end-users in view. Most of the research and development was done on the vulnerability of computers due to malware and data thefts. NAYAN, short for Network Abhigham Niyanthran, controls the computer’s access to different network services, thus protecting the internal network from threats and misuse. USB Pratirodh is used to secure data stored in laptops and PCs, and prevents unauthorized use of portable storage devices.


8. Consider the following statements about India’s Unmanned Aerial Vehicle RUSTOM-1:
1. It is indigenously designed
2. It can attain a maximum speed of 150 Knots
3. It has been classified as Medium Altitude Long Endurance Unmanned Aerial Vehicle
Which among the above statements is/ are correct?
[A]Only 1
[B]Only 2
[C]1 & 2
[D]1, 2 & 3

1, 2 & 3
Indigenously designed and developed RUSTOM-1 made 5th successful Flight recently while flying at an altitude of 2300 ft AGL (above ground level) & at a speed 100 Knots during 25 minute of cruise near Hosur. This Medium Altitude Long Endurance Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (MALE – UAV) is developed by DRDO with Aeronautical Development Establishment (ADE) Bangalore as the nodal laboratory. It had its maiden flight in 2010. The recent flight was successful as all the modifications done worked well and all the parameters were achieved by the UAV which was weighing 661Kg and the total performance was good. In specific the objective of testing modified lift off scheme, modified altitude and speed hold logics worked excellently well. Indian Army has shown keen interest in this programme. This UAV has the potential military missions like Reconnaissance & Surveillance, Target Acquisition, Target Designation, Communications Relay, Battle Damage Assessment and Signal Intelligence. This UAV can attain a maximum speed of 150 Knots, 22,000 ft of altitude and endurance of 12-15 Hours with an operating range of 250 Kms when fully developed.


9. In context with the International Financial Institutions, Structural adjustments are the policies implemented by the ___:
1. World Bank
2. International Monetary Fund
Choose the correct option:
[A]Only 1
[B]Only 2
[C]Both 1 & 2
[D]Neither 1 nor 2

Both 1 & 2
Structural adjustments are the policies implemented by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank (the Bretton Woods Institutions) in developing countries.


10. A new variant of E.Coli called ESBL E. coli was making news recently. How ESBL E. coli is different from the normal popular strain of E Coli?
1. ESBL E. coli causes severe food poisioning in comparison to E. Coli
2. ESBL E. coli are resistant to antibiotics
Choose the correct option:
[A]Only 1
[B]Only 2
[C]Both 1 & 2
[D]Neither 1 nor 2

Only 2
ESBL E. coli is a different bug to E. coli O157 which causes food poisoning. Investigations are continuing at a Swansea hospital after two babies died after an ESBL E. coli infection. Professor Hugh Pennington, a microbiologist who has chaired inquiries into E. coli outbreaks in Wales and in Scotland, explained to BBC Wales what the bug is and how it can spread. ESBL E. coli are relatively new bugs, they first appeared about 10 years ago in Britain. They have been around in other parts of the world longer than that but they’re quite different from E. coli that caused the food poisoning outbreak in south Wales and other big ones over the years. They’re much more like the normal sort of E. coli. Everyone has E. coli in their intestine. But these have picked up genes that make them resistant to antibiotics so they’re quite difficult to treat when they cause problems. But when they do, it’s usually infections in the bladder and that sort of thing that are traditional for E. coli. But if they get into places like special care baby units where the very young babies, very susceptible to infection, there can be problems, as we have seen here. Fortunately that doesn’t happen very often. There have been one or two outbreaks and with related bugs in the same family of bugs but fortunately it’s a very unusual occurrence. (Source BBC Science News)

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