President visits Phoenix Settlement, Durban

During her recent visit to South Africa, President Pratibha Patil visited the Phoenix Settlement.

Phoenix Settlement:

  • Founded by Mahatma Gandhi in 1904 on the north-western edge of Durban, South Africa to experiment with Satyagraha, Sarvodaya and Ahimsa (non-violence).
  • It was here Gandhiji first used 3 principles to champion the cause of mine and sugarcane workers, liberation of women and fight against alcohol.
  • The Phoenix Settlement was set up to put into practice the values which he followed and preached for the rest of his life – self-help, dignity of labour and simplicity.
  • It was in Phoenix Farm on March 5, 1913 that Gandhiji wrote, "refuse to believe that you are weak, and you will be strong."

Relate Links:
http://www.gktoday.in/gk/modern-indian-history/page/119/
http://www.gktoday.in/mahatma-gandhi-indian-opinion/

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