GK & Current Affairs – October 22, 2015

1. Which state government of India has recently initiated “Van Dhan Jan Dhan” scheme for Ayurvedic medicines?
[A]Rajasthan
[B]Maharashtra
[C]Kerala
[D]Uttar Pradesh
Answer: Maharashtra
The Maharashtra government has initiated the “Van Dhan Jan Dhan” scheme for Ayurvedic medicines. It has started selling Ayurvedic medicines and herbal products derived from its forest produce. Under the scheme, the first-of-its-kind shop has recently started in Nagpur by the state government. The products that will be available at ‘Van Dhan Jan Dhan’ shops are Teak seed powder, Alovera powder, Bhui awala churna, Amla powder, Nutgrass powder, Touch me Not powder, Tulsi powder, Adulsa powder, Jamun Powder, Jalbrahmi powder, Herbal washing powder, Bija glass (for diabetes), Mahua oil and Mahua jam, Adivasi Achar, Kumari Assav and handicrafts from forest woods, etc.
2. As per BARC report, which of the following Hindi channels has emerged as the most watched channel?
[A]Zee News
[B]Doordarshan
[C]Aaj Tak
[D]Star News
Answer: Doordarshan
The Public service broadcaster, Doordarshan has emerged as the most-watched Hindi channel in terms of time spent per viewer ahead of top General Entertainment Channels (GEC). It was announced after the Broadcast Audience Research Council (BARC) released the All India viewership data, which includes rural India for the very first time.
3. Recently, Sin Tax is in news. It is which type of tax?
[A]Custom Tax
[B]Excise Tax
[C]VAT Tax
[D]Service Tax
Answer: Excise Tax
The Sin tax is an excise tax levied on products and services viz. alcohol, tobacco and gambling considered bad for health or society. These additional taxes are also seen as efforts to discourage people from use of such products or services. This kind of tax is often used by government to attract higher their tax revenues as people generally refrain from opposition to such levies as they are indirect in nature and affect only their end users. Sin Tax was in news as it has been included under the proposed Goods and Services Tax (GST) law that will be effective from April 1, 2016. GST is being seen as one of the biggest tax reforms in the country.
4. The 2015 Formula 1 United States Grand Prix has been won by which sportsman?
[A]Nico Rosberg
[B]Sergio Perez
[C]Sebastian Vettel
[D]Lewis Hamilton
Answer: Lewis Hamilton
The Mercedes driver, Mr. Lewis Hamilton won the 2015 Formula 1 United States Grand Prix title. It was the third title for Hamilton at the Circuit of the Americas in Elroy, Texas of the USA where championship is being held annually. With this, he became only the second British driver after Sir Jackie Stewart to achieve the feat.
5. Who became the first Indian to won Silver Medal in 2015 Archery World Cup Final, recently?
[A]Demir Elmaagcli
[B]Sandeep Kumar
[C]Rajat Chauhan
[D]Abhishek Verma
Answer: Abhishek Verma
An Indian archer, Mr. Abhishek Verma (26) became the first-ever Indian to bag silver medal in the 2015 Archery World Cup in the compound section held in Mexico City. In 2014, Mr. Verma bagged the gold medal in the men’s compound archery team event along with Rajat Chauhan and Sandeep Kumar and the silver medal in the men’s individual compound event at the Asian Games held at Incheon, South Korea. He also won a gold medal in the compound men’s individual section on August 15, 2015 in the third leg of Archery World Cup held in Wroclaw, Poland.
6. The Hero Women’s Indian Open 2015 has been won by which sportsperson recently?
[A]Cheyenne Woods
[B]Aditi Ashok
[C]Emily Kristine Pedersen
[D]Vani Kapoor
Answer: Emily Kristine Pedersen
The Hero Women’s Indian Open 2015 has been won by Emily Kristine Pedersen of Denmark at the DLF Golf and Country Club in Gurgaon, Haryana. It was her maiden European Tour title. She beat the trio of Cheyenne Woods, Becky Morgan and Malene Jorgensen, who tied for the second position, to pocket the winner’s cheque of $ 60000. While amateur Aditi Ashok was the best Indian performer, who tied at the 13th position and Vani Kapoor, finished tied 20th, was adjudged as the best Indian professional at the tournament.
7. Who among the following has been elected as the new President of Guatemala?
[A]Sandra Torres
[B]Jimmy Morales
[C]Alejandro Maldonado
[D]Otto Pérez Molina
Answer: Jimmy Morales
The Television comic and self-styled outsider, Mr. Jimmy Morales won the 2015 presidential election of Guatemala by defeating the former first lady Ms. Sandra Torres by a large margin. He is from National Convergence Front Party.The President of Guatemala is the head of state and head of government of Guatemala.
8. Who among the following personalities will inaugurate the Babasaheb Ambedkar Memorial in UK?
[A]Sushma Swaraj
[B]Arun Jaitley
[C]Narendra Modi
[D]Pranab Mukherjee
Answer: Narendra Modi
The honourable Prime Minister of India, Mr. Narendra Modi will inaugurate a memorial at Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar’s London house during his U.K. visit in November 2015. The 2050 sq feet, three-story bungalow on King Henry Road, NW3 in London has been purchased by Maharashtra government in September 2015 for Rs. 31 crore with the intention of transforming it into an international museum-cum-memorial of Dr. Ambedkar. Dr. Ambedkar lived in this house when he was pursuing higher studies at the London School of Economics during 1921-22.
9. Which Indian-American farmer has been honoured for exemplary agriculture work?
[A]Geeta Jain
[B]Nikita Desai
[C]Deepaki Kumari
[D]Anita Adalja
Answer: Anita Adalja
The Indian-American farmer, Ms. Anita Adalja is among 12 individuals from across the country who will be recognised as White House Champions of Change for sustainable and climate- smart agriculture at an event in the US. Ms. Adaja is a social worker who merged her career with farming. Presently, she is working as a manager at the Arcadia Center for Sustainable Food and Agriculture. Under her management, Arcadia Farm grows thousands of pounds of naturally grown produce that is sold in low-or no-food access areas in Washington, through its mobile farmers’ market programme.
10. On which date the World Polio Day has been observed?
[A]October 24
[B]October 26
[C]October 21
[D]October 29
Answer: October 24
The World Polio Day has been observed on 24 October 2015. The day was observed to create awareness about the hazards of the crippling disease.The Day was established by Rotary International over a decade ago to commemorate the birth of Jonas Salk, who led the first team to develop a vaccine against poliomyelitis.

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