GK & Current Affairs: May 29, 30, 2015

1. Who is the new vice-chancellor of Nalanda University?
[A]Kung Lee
[B]George Yeo
[C]Anup Bhatnakar
[D]Virendra Tripati
Answer: George Yeo
George Yeo, a former foreign minister from Singapore will be the new chancellor of Nalanda University. The 60 year old is currently serving as a member in the governing board of the prestigious university, which was set up in 2010 to revive the ancient seat of learning in Rajgir,Bihar. Mr Yeo was conferred the Padma Bhushan, the third highest civilian award – in 2012, he has been involved in the setting up of the university from the start, that will focus on research work in historical sciences, environment and ecology.
2. Ameenah Gurib-Fakim has been designated as first woman president of which country?
[D]New Zealand
Answer: Mauritius
The Mauritius government designated Ameenah Gurib-Fakim as the country’s new president. She is the first woman to hold the ceremonial position. The appointment of Gurib-Fakim, an internationally-renowned scientist and biologist, is subject to parliament approval. Gurib-Fakim, 56, will be the first female President of the Island, which gained independence from Britain in 1968 and which replaced Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state in 1992.
3. Which one of the following countries celebrates its Republic Day on 2 June?
Answer: Italy
Italy celebrates its Republic Day on 2 June. It commemorates the referendum of 1946, when the Italian population was called to decide what form of government (monarchy or republic) to give to the country after World War II and the fall of Fascism. After 85 years of monarchy, Italy became a Republic, and the monarchs of the House of Savoy were deposed and exiled. This is one of the most important Italian public holidays.
4. Which country has granted permission to the Life Insurance of India (LIC) to run its business?
Answer: Bangladesh
Bangladesh has granted permission to the Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) to run its business in the country. By this decision LIC became the second foreign insurance company to operate in Bangladesh. LIC was allowed to start operations as a joint venture entity to be called LIC Bangladesh Ltd with a paid up capital of Taka 1 billion (USD 1=Tk 80). Beyond India, the LIC currently operates in Nepal, Sri Lanka and Singapore.
5. Who has won the first Africa Prize for Engineering?
[A]Askwar Hilonga
[B]Arijit Paladhi
[C]Haroon Lorgat
[D]Rilee Rossouw
Answer: Askwar Hilonga
Dr. Askwar Hilonga, a Tanzanian chemical engineer has won the first Africa Prize for Engineering. He was chosen for the award for his specialized water filtration system. Holinga earned £25,000 (US$38,231.50) for his sand-based water filter, which cleans contaminated water using nanotechnology. Each nanofilter absorbs contaminants from specific bodies of water. The contaminants could be heavy metals and minerals, biological impurities like bacteria and viruses, or pesticides. Launched in 2014, the African Prize “encourages talented sub-Saharan African engineers from all disciplines to develop solutions to local challenges, and to develop them into businesses. Hilonga earned the honor after several stages of competition against entrants from 15 African nations.
6. Which country set a new world record by planting 49,672 trees in one hour?
[B]Sri Lanka
Answer: Bhutan
A team of 100 volunteers in Bhutan has set a new world record by planting 49,672 trees in one hour. They smashed the previous record by almost 10,000 trees. It had been set by an Indian team three years ago.
7. On which date, Telangana state Foundation Day is observed?
[A]30 May
[B]31 May
[C]2 June
[D]4 June
Answer: 2 June
Telangana foundation day is observed on 2 June. Telangana is the 29th state of India came into being on June 2, 2014 after Andhra Pradesh was split into two states Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.
8. Irwin Rose, who died recently, was a Nobel Prize winner in which field?
Answer: Chemistry
Irwin Rose was an American Nobel laureate. Rose won the 2004 Nobel Prize in chemistry, along with Israel Institute of Technology researchers Aaron Ciechanover and Avram Hershko, for research into how cells break down and dispose of old and damaged proteins in plants and animals. His groundbreaking work helped in the development of treatments for cervical cancer and cystic fibrosis.
9. With which country India has signed an agreement to jointly develop protective suits for chemical and biological warfare?
Answer: US
India and USA signed an agreement to jointly develop protective suits for soldiers. Both sides also finalised two project agreements for hi-tech mobile power source.
10. What is the minimum power generation capacity of the Super Thermal Power Plants?
[A]500 MW
[B]1000 MW
[C]2000 MW
[D]4000 MW
Answer: 1000 MW
Super Thermal Power Stations (STPS) are a series of ambitious power projects planned by the Government of India. The capacity of super thermal power is 1000 MW and above.

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