ISRO decade plan

The Indian Space Research Organization recently released the plan for the decade. The plan included reusable satellite launch vehicle, heavy lift rocket and semi-cryogenic engine.

What are the key highlights of the ISRO Decade plan?

ISRO is to complete its moon mission Chandrayaan-3, the solar mission Aditya-L1 and first Indian Data Relay Satellite in the decade 2021-2030. Also, the space agency will complete the first developmental flight of the Small Satellite Launch Vehicle.

The Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre will help to boost the Semi-Cryogenic Propulsion capability. With this, the Indian rockets will be able to carry 5.5 tonnes to the Geostationary Transfer Orbit.

What is Aditya Mission?

The Aditya-L1 mission is the first Indian scientific expedition to the sun. the Aditya space probe will be placed at a point in space called the L1 Lagrange point and hence the name Aditya-L1 mission. The mission will study the photosphere, chromosphere, corona of the sun. It will also study solar winds, solar emissions and solar flares and Coronal Mass Ejections.

What is Chandrayaan-3?

It is the planned third lunar mission of the ISRO. It is very much similar to Chandrayaan-2. Under Chandrayaan-2 mission, the lander failed to land on the lunar surface as it crashed towards the ground. The Chandrayaan-3 is thus a mission repeat. The Chandrayaan-3 is to include only Rover and lander. It will not have an orbiter.

What is Indian Data Relay Satellite?

India is to launch India Data Relay Satellite System series to track the space assets and enable communication between space-to-space assets. The IDRS is important to track the Indian satellites and stay in touch with then. ISRO has planned to launch three of the satellites in the series. Each satellite will cover a third of the earth.

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