Global Food Security Index 2021

Tenth edition of the Global Food Security Index was published recently. In the index, India has been ranked at 71st position.

Highlights

  • The Global Food Security (GFS) Index 2021 was prepared by analysing data from 113 countries.
  • On the other hand, recently, India was ranked at 101st position in the Global Hunger Index (GHI) 2021.

About Global Food Security Index (GFS)

The GFS Index is sponsored by Corteva Agriscience while it is designed & constructed by London-based Economist Impact. The index is published every year. GFS measures the underlying drivers of food security on the basis of understated factors:

  1. Affordability
  2. Availability
  3. Quality and Safety
  4. Natural Resources and Resilience

Index considers 58 unique food security indicators like income & economic inequality. It also calls for attention to the systemic gaps and actions which are required to accelerate the progress toward Sustainable Development Goal of Zero Hunger by 2030.

Key Findings of the report

  • Countries like Ireland, Austria, Finland, the UK, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Japan, Canada, the US and France shared the top rank. Their overall GFS score was in the range of 77.8 and 80 points.
  • India has been ranked at 71st position out of 113 countries. Its overall score is 57.2 points.
  • India performed better than Pakistan (75th), Sri Lanka (77th), Nepal (79th) and Bangladesh (84th).
  • China has been ranked way ahead of India at 34th. 
  • However, incremental gains by India in overall food security score were lagging behind of Pakistan, Nepal and Bangladesh, over the period of ten years.

What are the Concerns?

Global food security has decreased for the second consecutive year after seven years of progress with respect to Sustainable Development Goal of zero hunger. Though countries have made significant progress towards addressing food insecurity in last ten years, but food systems still remain vulnerable to climatic, economic, and geopolitical shocks.

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