Sepsis is a major cause of death world-wide even under normal circumstances. In light of the COVID-19 pandemic, the condition is claiming even more lives. Sepsis It is a medical condition where body’s immune system goes into an overdrive and causes tissue damage, multiple organ dysfunction and even death. It is triggered by infections. Every ..
Immune system: GK, Current Affairs, Questions, Trivia and News
The Indian scientists have explored the possibility of reaching out to cancer cells and triggering their natural programmed death. How does this approach work? The approach uses the combined effect of targeting and inducing a ‘stress’ inside the Endoplasmic Reticulum of tumour cells and administering a small amount of a drug. The laboratory tests on ..
The World Allergy Week (WAW) is an annual initiative of the World Allergy Organization (WAO) to raise awareness of allergic disease and related disorders and advocate for the provision of training and resources in the diagnosis, management, and prevention of these diseases and asthma, which are rising in prevalence around the world. The 2019 theme ..
Researchers from the University of Georgia have successfully targeted the pigmentation genes of Anolis sagrei lizards to create four nearly transparent albino offspring. The lizards have been genetically modified using the CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing tool. Researchers were able to microinject CRISPR proteins into multiple immature eggs or oocytes located in the ovaries of 21 Anolis ..
Chinese scientists have discovered a possible “death switch” mechanism in plant’s immune system that triggers infected cells to self-destruct, thus limiting the spread of the disease and keeping other parts of the plant healthy. This is as per the findings published in the journal ‘Science’. The discovery provides clues to cell death control and immunity ..
The 2018 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine has been awarded jointly to Dr. James P. Allison of the United States and Dr. Tasuku Honjo of Japan for their discovery of cancer therapy by inhibition of negative immune regulation. Both the doctors, working separately, showed in the 1990s how certain proteins act as “brakes” on ..
Molecular biologists at the Centre for Excellence in Molecular Plant Sciences in China have claimed to create the world’s first single-chromosome yeast while not affecting the majority of its functions. If their claim is true then this breakthrough could help in furthering research related to aging and diseases in humans. They used CRISPR-Cas9 genome-editing to ..