Indian Culture General Studies MCQs

41. Which among the following is / are propounded by the Sankhya Philosophy?

  1. The sattva, rajas, and tamas are the underlying qualities from which the universe we perceive is derived
  2. The whole universe is evolved from the gunas
  3. The gunas are always changing or transforming into one another

Which among the above statements is / are correct?

[A] Only 1 & 2
[B] Only 2 & 3
[C] Only 1 & 3
[D] 1, 2 & 3

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42. What is / are main propositions of the “advaita” vedanta school of Hindu Philosophy?

  1. It says that Supreme Cosmic Spirit is the One, the whole and the only reality
  2. It advocates the neti-neti approach
  3. It opposes Mimamsa school of thought

Select the correct option from the codes given below:

[A] Only 1 & 2
[B] Only 2 & 3
[C] 1, 2 & 3
[D] 1, 2 & 3

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43. Which of the following sites are closely related to Buddhism? 

  1. Sravasti
  2. Borobudur
  3. Amaravati

Select the correct option from the codes given below:

[A] 1 & 2 Only
[B] 3 Only
[C] 2 & 3 Only
[D] 1, 2 & 3

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44. Consider the following:

  1. Vedangas
  2. Upaveda
  3. Darshanas

Which of the above are integral parts of Vedic Literature?

[A] 1 & 2 Only
[B] 2 & 3 Only
[C] 1, 2 & 3
[D] None

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45. Identify the dance form with the help of given information:

  1. It is an ancient traditional dance form which originated as a temple dance and dates back to the Buddhist era
  2. This style of dance is mainly performed by women
  3. It is a centuries old heritage and is well known for its grace (lasya) and intense expression of navarasas
  4. The culture ministry recently gave principle approval for the dance to be granted as classical dance status

Select the correct answer from options given below:

[A] Chhau
[B] Bhagvata Mela
[C] Yakshagana
[D] Andhra Natyam

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46.    Consider the following bhakti saints:

  1. Kabir
  2. Surdas
  3. Tulsidas

 Which of the above was/were preacher(s) of nirguna bhakti?

[A] 1 & 2 Only
[B] 1 Only
[C] 2 & 3 Only
[D] 1, 2 & 3

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47.    Identify the dance form with the help of given information:

  1. The dancers are dressed in ivory silk costume with gold brocade borders
  2. This dance is performed by women only
  3. It is stated to be inspired by the thaiyambaka or percussion ensemble
  4. Musical instrument “edakka” occupies a special place for this dance form

  Select the correct answer from options given below:

[A] Yaksagana
[B] Mohiniyattam
[C] Bharatanatyam
[D] Kathakali

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48.     Consider the following statements about Panchayatana style of temple architecture:

  1. Most of the Panchayatana temples in India are shiva shrines enshrining the lingam-yoni stone slabs of Shiva and Parvati
  2. Kandariya Mahadeva Temple in Khajuraho is an excellent example of Panchayatana style

  Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] 1 Only
[B] 2 Only
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 nor 2

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49.  Consider the following statements about Lingayat movement:

  1. The movement emphasised on casteless and classless society
  2. It was started in the 12th century by Guru Basaveshwara
  3. The leaders of this movement were only from Kannada speaking areas

  Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] 1 & 2 Only
[B] 3 Only
[C] 2 & 3 Only
[D] 1, 2 & 3

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50.   Consider the following differences between Hinayana and Mahayana:

  1. While Hinayana Buddhism does not believe in Idol worship, Mahayana Buddhism believe in Idol worship
  2. While the language used by Hinayana scholars was Pali, Mahayana scholars used Sanskrit

 Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] 1 Only
[B] 2 Only
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 nor 2

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