Beti Bachao Beti Padhao
Beti Bachao Beti Padhao campaign was launched by Prime Minister in January 2015 at Panipat, Haryana as comprehensive programme to address declining Child Sex Ratio (CSR) and related issues of empowerment of women over life-cycle continuum.
The specific objectives of scheme are preventing gender biased sex selective elimination, ensuring survival and protection of the girl child and ensuring education and participation of the girl child. Its focus is on awareness and advocacy campaign, multi-sectoral action enabling girls’ education and effective enforcement of Pre-Conception & Pre Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PC&PNDT) Act.
The scheme is being implemented as a tri-ministerial, convergent effort of Union Ministries of Women and Child Development (WCD), Health & Family Welfare (MoHFW) and Human Resource Development (HRD). The Union Ministry of Women and Child Development (WCD) is nodal ministry for programme at central level.
The Union Government has expanded Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) programme from 161 districts to all 640 districts of the country. The initial focus of BBBP was limited to districts which were either below national average or were worse in their own states in terms of absolute values of Chid Sex Ratio (CSR).
As per data available in Health Management Information System (HMIS), there has been improvement in sex ratio at birth (SRB). The SRB which was 918 in 2014-15 has improved to 926 in 2016-17 as per HMIS data. The successful implementation of BBBP programme in states and districts has led government to decide to go Pan-India and expand the programme to all districts. However, looking at magnitude and criticality of problem and its spread across country, the expansion will take care that no district is left out of BBBP ambit.