GK & Current Affairs – June 8, 2016

1.

Which of the following countries has become the first Asian country to eliminate mother-to-child transmission of HIV?
[A]Malaysia
[B]Japan
[C]Sri Lanka
[D]Thailand

Thailand
Thailand has become the first Asian country to eliminate mother-to-child transmission of HIV and syphilis, it is declared by the World Health Organization (WHO). According to WHO’s global guidelines, mother-to-child transmission of HIV is considered to be effectively eliminated when the rate of transmission falls below 2 %. The Elimination of transmission is defined as a reduction of transmission to such a low level that it no longer constitutes a public health problem. In 2015, Cuba was the world’s first country to receive WHO validation for eliminating mother-to-child transmission of HIV.

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2.

What is the theme of 2016 World Oceans Day?
[A]Our oceans, our responsibility
[B]Youth: the Next Wave for Change
[C]Healthy Oceans, Healthy Planet
[D]Together we have the power to protect the ocean

“Healthy Oceans, Healthy Planet”.
The World Oceans Day is observed every year on June 8 to raise awareness of the challenges humanity faces to protect the world’s oceans. The 2016 theme is “Healthy Oceans, Healthy Planet”.

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3.

What is the current repo rate, according to the recently released RBI’s 2nd bi-monthly monetary policy statement for year 2016-17?
[A]6.0%
[B]6.5%
[C]7.0 %
[D]7.5 %

6.5%
As per the Reserve Bank of India (RBI)’s second bi-monthly monetary policy statement for year 2016-17, the policy repo rate under the Liquidity Adjustment Facility (LAF) has remain unchanged at 6.5 %, the reverse repo rate under the LAF has remain unchanged at 6.0 % and the Marginal Standing Facility (MSF) rate and the Bank Rate at 7.0 %. The RBI has also kept the Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR) of scheduled banks unchanged at 4.0 % of Net Demand and Time Liabilities (NDTL).

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4.

The United Nations’ (UN) International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression is observed on which date?
[A]June 3
[B]June 4
[C]June 5
[D]June 6

June 4
The United Nations’ (UN) International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression is observed every year on June 4 to acknowledge the pain suffered by children throughout the world who are the victims of physical, mental and emotional abuse. This day affirms the UN’s commitment to protect the rights of children.

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5.

Which state has become the first Indian state to give pension and food benefits to transgender community?
[A]Rajasthan
[B]Odisha
[C]Uttar Pradesh
[D]Gujarat

Odisha
Odisha has become the first Indian state to give transgender people social welfare benefits such as pension, housing and food grains. The members of the transgender community will be given Below Poverty Line (BPL) cards that will allow them to access benefits under various government welfare programmes. This includes schemes that provide free housing, 100 days of paid work annually, pensions and loans to start up their own businesses. They would also be entitled 5 kg of food grains every month under India’s National Food Security Act.

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6.

Which of the following cities has become India’s first city to have its own “City Animal”?
[A]Shillong
[B]Guwahati
[C]Lucknow
[D]Hyderabad

Guwahati
Guwahati, the Assam state capital, has become the India’s first city to have its own City Animal “Gangetic river dolphin”. The Kamrup Metropolitan district administration has declared the Gangetic river dolphin (locally known as ‘Sihu’) as the mascot of the city to protect it from extinction.

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7.

India’s first internationally-listed certified green bond has been launched by which bank at London Stock Exchange(LSE)?
[A]ICICI Bank
[B]SBI
[C]Axis Bank
[D]HDFC Bank

Axis Bank
Axis Bank has recently launched India’s first internationally-listed certified green bond at London Stock Exchange. The bond is certified by the Climate Bonds Standards Board and raised USO 500 million.

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8.

The first-ever “All India Women Journalists workshop” has been held in which city?
[A]Jaipur
[B]Kanpur
[C]New Delhi
[D]Bhopal

New Delhi
The first ever “All India Women Journalists’ Workshop” has been organized by Ministry of Women and Child Development (WCD) in association with Press Information Bureau (PIB), Ministry of Information & Broadcasting at Vigyan Bhawan in New Delhi. The conference has brought together around 250 journalists from 30 States/Uts together on a single platform to understand, discuss and deliberate on issues concerning women and children. The women journalists represent print, electronic and online media across the country including small regional media organizations.

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9.

The 2019 AFC Asian Cup will be hosted by which country?
[A]Iran
[B]United Arab Emirates (UAE)
[C]Oman
[D]Saudi Arabia

United Arab Emirates (UAE)
The 2019 AFC Asian Cup will be hosted by United Arab Emirates (UAE). It is the quadrennial international men’s football championship of Asia organised by the Asian Football Confederation (AFC). It is the 17th edition of the AFC Asian Cup.

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10.

India has recently signed how much amount of loan pact with Asian Development Bank (ADB) for irrigation in Odisha?
[A]$100 mn
[B]$120 mn
[C]$150 mn
[D]$210 mn

$120 mn
The Government of India (GoI) and the Asian Development Bank (ADB) have recently signed $120 million loan agreement to modernize irrigation and improve water management infrastructure in Odisha. The financing will be used for modernizing 7- irrigation subprojects resulting in improved irrigation in over 1,00,000 hectares and strengthening of Water User Associations (WUAs) and the institutional capacity of Odisha’s Department of Water Resources. The selected areas for the investment program are the Baitarani, Brahmani, Budhabalanga and Subernarekha river basins and part of Mahanadi Delta.

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