DRDO Rakshita Bike Ambulance

The Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO) and the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) recently developed a bike ambulance called “Rakshita”. The bike ambulance will attend the evacuation needs of the CRPF personnel during emergency or battle injury. The ambulance was developed by INMAS (Institute of Nuclear and Allies Science) operating under DRDO. The ambulances have been developed on Royal Enfield bikes.

Importance

The Rakshita ambulance will be of great help in the areas such as Sukma, Bijapur and Dantewada where the CRPF cannot take big vehicles or ambulances inside the jungle. These are Naxalite zones with narrow roads.

Naxalism in India

The Left-Wing Extremism is known by other names such as Naxalism and Maoism. The Left-Wing extremists are those who reject parliamentary democracy and aim at waging an armed revolution against the government.

The origin of Left-Wing Extremism in India can be traced back to 1967. It mainly emerged in three areas such as Naxalbari, Khoribari and Phansidewa in West Bengal. The term “Naxalism” has originated from “Naxalbari”. The term Naxalism is used only in India. While in rest of the world, it is termed as Maoism.

Red Corridor

The red corridor is the region in eastern, central and southern parts of India where the Naxalite and Maoist activities are higher. It roughly extends from the India-Nepal border in the north till the fringes of Tamil Nadu. The districts affected by Naxalism and Maoism are the poorest in India. Also, they have very low literacy rate.

Operation SAMADHAN

The Government of India launched Operation SAMADHAN in 2015 to tackle Left Wing Extremism in the country. Operation SAMADHAN stands for S- Smart Leadership, A- Aggressive Strategy, M- Motivation and Training, A- Actionable Intelligence, D- Dashboard Based KPIs (Key Performance Indicators), H- Harnessing Technology, A- Action plan for each Theatre, N- No access to Financing.

Also, the GoI is focusing to build up the infrastructure in these regions. In 2017, Rs 11,000 crores was allocated to build road connectivity in all forty-four Moist affected areas. In 2018, 1,326 kilo metres of road was built in Naxal affected areas of Chhattisgarh.

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