Annual Death Penalty Report, 2022
The National Law University was established under the NLUA Act of 2007. Project 39A is a group associated with the university and it recently released a report called the Annual Death Penalty Report, 2022. According to the report, the number of death penalty prisoners in India increased to 539 in 2022. It was 490 in 2021.
Key Findings of the report
- 3% of death rows were judged by trial courts. SC pronounced 11 death penalty judgments and High Courts in the country pronounced 68 death sentences
- Appellate courts pronounced the least number of death sentences
- Of all the crimes, sexual violence received the maximum death penalty. Almost one–third of the capital punishments were for sexual violence
- In Gujarat, 51 people were sentenced to death by the Sessions court
- UP Sessions Court: 32
- Jharkhand sessions court: 17
- No death sentences were pronounced in the courts of J&K, Delhi, Telangana, and Manipur
- Two out of every 165 death sentences were pronounced on women
- India has 539 death-sentenced prisoners as of 2022. This is a 40% increase as compared to the numbers in 2015
- UP had the highest death sentences followed by Gujarat and Jharkhand.