What is National Commission for Protection of Child Rights?

The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) is a statutory body in India established by the Commission for Protection of Child Rights (CPCR) Act of 2005.  This year marks the 18th foundation day of NCPCR. It is celebrated based on the theme “Empowering Girl Child”.

What is NCPCR?

The NCPCR functions under the aegis of the Ministry of Women and Child Development. It was established on March 5, 2007. Its main objective is to ensure that all policies, programs, and administrative mechanisms are aligned with the perspective of child rights, as stated in the Indian Constitution and the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. According to the Commission’s definition, a child is a person up to the age of 18 years.

Why is NCPCR in news?

Recently, the commission raised concerns about the use of children’s pictures in ‘furtherance of political agenda’ by some political leaders. It sought Delhi Police action against such political leaders.

What are the main functions of NCPCR?

The NCPCR was established to protect child rights. It investigates child rights and suggests legal actions. The body studies the treaties of other countries and makes recommendations. It undertakes research and spreads child rights literacy. The commission promotes views of children and also the views of organizations that work around the welfare of the children.

NCPCR runs a portal called GHAR. GHAR means Go Home and Reunite. It was developed for the repatriation of children.

Who is the current Chairman of NCPCR?

Priyank Kanoongo. The chairman of NCPCR is appointed by the Central Government. A Section Committee formed by the GoI makes recommendations on the appointment of the chairman. There are three members in the committee. Apart from the chairman, the committee also appoints six other members. They are from the fields like education, child health, juvenile justice, child psychology, etc.



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