Political parties

Decentralization of Party Politics in India

This article examines why there is need for the role of political parties to become inclusive and more participative by more involvement of local politicians i.e. decentralisation of political parties. Increasing involvement of local politicians In the recent past we’ve gone through various news regarding so calledpolitical activists on behalf of their political party creating […]


Anonymous Funding of Political Parties

In his budget speech on February 2, 2017 the Finance Minister Arun Jaitley proposed to bring down the amount of anonymous contributions by individuals to political parties from Rs. 20,000 to Rs 2,000. This proposal was made following a recommendation by the Election Commission calling for transparency in collection of funds by political parties. Although […]

Political Funding in India: Overview of Rules and Recent FCRA Amendment

The funding of political parties is one of the major issues related to election finance reforms in India. Other major issues include political expenditures, disclosure norms, state funding of elections etc. The issue of political funding pertains to various laws including RoPA, Conduct of Election Rules, 1961; Companies Act, 2013; Income Tax Act, 1961; Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act […]

Issue of Bringing Political Parties under RTI

In June 2013, CIC via an order had declared the political parties as public authorities and brought them under the RTI Act. It also asked them to appoint appellate bodies to answer RTI queries.  Under Section 2(h) of the RTI Act, a public authority is defined as any ‘non-governmental organization substantially financed, directly or indirectly, […]

Whip In India

Whip is an official appointed to maintain discipline among, secure attendance of, and give necessary information to, members of his party. The other functions are as follows: Serve as channel of communication between party and its members Gauge the opinion of the members and communicate it to party leaders. There are three types of whip […]